Notes


Matches 151 to 200 of 1,796

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151        In the 1856 Iowa State Census, Littleton Stanley is a white, five year old, single male who was born in Indiana. He lives with his parents (Nathan and Rebecca) in New Castle, Boone Township, Webster County, Iowa. He has lived there for five years. He also lives with one sibling, a brother (William G.). [NS 01.]
       [I am relatively sure that the Littleton Stanley that I have found in the 1910 and 1920 U.S. Federal Census is the Littleton Stanley of this family. The name is so rare that it makes sense, at least hypothetically.]
       In the 1910 U.S. Federal Census, L[ittleton] B. Stanley is a 59 year old, white, married male, married for 40 years to Sarah, his wife. [I do not have a maiden name for Sarah.] He was born in Indiana of parents who were born in Indiana. He speaks, reads, and writes English. He does not have a profession. He owns his own home, free and clear. He lives with his wife in Union township, White County, Arkansas. There are no children living with this couple. [LBS 01.]
       In the 1920 U.S. Federal Census, Littleton B. Stanley is a 69 year old, white, married male. He is married to Sarah H. He owns his property through mortgage, He reads, writes, and speaks English. He lives with his wife in Cherokee Township, Montgomery County, Kansas. He was born in Indiana of parents who were also born in Indiana. He is a farmer doing farming. He is an employer. [LBS 02.] 
Stanley, Littleton B. (I1107)
 
152        In the 1856 Iowa State Census, Martha McKowan is an eight year old, white, single female. She was born in Wisconsin and has lived but one year in Iowa. She lives with her father, Edward P. McKowan, a step mother, Lucinda Lakin Kendall Morgan McKowan, two half brothers (Gustavus S. Kendall and Franklin Morgan) from marriages of Lucinda Lakin to William Kendall and Delatus Morgan, and two half sisters from the same marriages (Helen Kendall and L. A. Morgan) in Clear Lake Township, Webster County, Iowa. [DPM 17.]
       In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Martha McKowan is an 18 year old female. She was born in Wisconsin, ca. 1842. She has attended school within the past year. She lives with her father, Edward and a stepmother, Emeline, a brother, George, two step brothers (Franklin Morgan and Gustavus Kendall), and two step sisters (Evaline and Emeline McGowan). [EPM 04.]
       In the 1880 U.S. Federal Census, Martha is a white, married, 38 year old female. She lives in Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa, with her husband, Henry S. Lee, and a daughter, Mina. She is keeping house. She was born in Wisconsin of parents who were born in Canada (father) and Ireland (mother). [HSL 03.]
       In the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, Martha [McKowan] Lee is a 51 year old, white, married female. It is not possible to read the month when she was born, but she was born in 1848. She has been married for 25 years. She gave birth to two children, one of whom, Mina, is not longer living. She lives with her husband, Henry, and a son, Verne, in Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. She was born of parents who were born in Nova Scotia [New Brunswick] (father) and Ireland (mother). She reads, writes, and speaks English. [HSL 04.]
       In the 1910 U. S. Federal Census, Martha [McKowan] is a 61 year old, white, married female. She has been married for 33 years. She has given birth to two children, one of whom is living [Verne]. She was born in Wisconsin of unknown parents [actually born in Canada - father; Ireland - mother]. She speaks, reads, and writes English. She has no employ outside the home. She lives with her husband [Henry S.], her son [Vern], Vern's wife [Mabel], two grandsons [Robert E. and Howard A.], and two boarders [ Ina Herron, and Anna M. Smith] in Des Moines, Polk County, Iowa. [HSL 05.]
       In the Webster City Freeman of 04 February 1913, the following article was printed [MJMc 02]:
       SUDDEN DEATH OF MRS. H. S. LEE
       Found Dead in Bed Early This morning in Apartments at Soldiers Home in Marshalltown
       Relatives and Friends in This City are Shocked over Receipt of Message
       "A telephone message was received here this forenoon by relatives of Mrs. Henry S. Lee, bringing the sad and startling intelligence that Mrs. Lee was found dead in her bed this morning at about 4 o'clock by her husband in their apartments at the soldiers home in that place. The message said that Mrs. Lee had not been ill and the news of her sudden taking away comes as a great shock to them.
       Mrs. and Mrs. Lee are old-time residents of this city, Mrs. Lee being a daughter of Mrs. and Mrs. E. P. McKowan, now both deceased, pioneer settlers of Hamilton county. The bereaved husband is a brother of E. R, Geo. W.,and John H. Lee. She was very well known in this community, having spent nearly all of her life her and her sudden death will be mourned by a large number of friends. John H. Lee left today for Marshalltown and will accompany the remains to this city for the burial service. It is probably that the funeral will be held Thursday afternoon at 3 o'clock in the Chritian church, the deceased having been an active and prominent member of that society for many years."
       In the Webster City Freeman, 11 February 1913, there is an obituary for Martha Jane McKowan, which is transcribed below [MJMc 01.]:
       Mr. H. S. Lee
       "Martha Jane McKowan was born in Waukesha County, Wisconsin, October 12, 1848, and died at her home in Marshalltown, Feb. 4, 1913. She came with her father's family to Hamilton county in the year 1855. On June 16, 1876, she was married in Webster City to Henry S. Lee, who survives her.        There were born to this union two children, a daughter Mina, who died in 1892 and a son, Vern R., who with his wife and two little sons, are in Spokane, Washington. A step-mother, four brothers and three sisters with numerous other relatives are also left to mourn her sudden death.
During the days of her young woman hood she confessed faith in her Savior and was baptized and joined the church. At the time of her death she was a loyal and faithful member of the Central Church of Christ at Marshalltown. She was also an active worked in the W. R. C. and was much loved by the old soldiers and their wives who had gained her acquaintance during her residence at the home and these were numbered among her best friends. She was a true Christian, a good wife and mother, and a loyal friend.
       The funeral service was held at the Christian church Thursday afternoon and was attended by a large number of sorrowing friends, including members of the W. R. C.
       The sermon was preached by Rev. A. J. Martin and was based on Rev. 21:1, using as a text the words "And the sea was no more." He said the book of Revelation was highly figurative and that John evidently meant that the things which the sea symbolizes would not obtain in the new Jerusalem. The sea is always agitated, never at rest, and the same is true of the great sea of humanity. Perfect rest is not be found in the imperfect present order. In Heaven there will be no sin and therefore no unrest. the sea suggests the dark and mysterious and not until the end of the present order will its million mysteries be revealed. The same is true of human experience for in this life we are all the time facing the mysterious, things which we cannot now understand, but which will finally be fully revealed. to John the sea was a boundary line and limited him to the lonely Isle of Patmos. In this world all men have their limitations, and not until we pass to the larger, fuller life will they be removed.
       The sea separated John from the many friends with whom he had labored and whom he longed to see. The sea of death separates us from loved ones and even while living there are many things which make perfect fellowship and association impossible. In John's vision he saw the home where separation would be unknown and where "the sea was no more."
       In closing Rev. Martin said that these great and precious promises should soothe and sustain us to the end. In this world we find unrest, mystery, limitations, and separation, but in the higher life these things shall all be changed, giving place to perfect rest, knowledge, freedom and companionship." 
McKowan, Martha J. (I1030)
 
153        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Amelia Bonner is an eight year old, white, single female. She was born in Ohio of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Ohio (mother). She lives with her parents, John and Mary, two brothers (William, Andrew), and three sisters (Caroline, Isabelle, Sarah) in Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JGB 01.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Amelia Bonner is a 17 year old, white, single female. She was born in Ohio. She is keeping house for her father. Amelia lives with her father, John G. Bonner in Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JGB 04.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Amelia Bonner Lathham is a 28 year old, white, married female. She is married to Palmer Lathham. She is keeping house. Amelie was born in Ohio of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Ohio (mother). She lives with her husband, Palmer, a daughter, Caddie, and her father, John G. Bonner, in Lyon Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JGB 02.] 
Bonner, Amelia (I1947)
 
154        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Clarissa Wiltsey is about a one year old female. She lives with her parents, Amanda Allen Wiltsey and James Wiltsey. The family lives in the town of Worcester, Otsego County, State of New York. [JW 04.]
       In the 1865 New York State Census, Clarissa Wiltsey is a six year old, white, single female. She was born in Otsego County, New York. No further information is given. She lives with her parents, James Wiltsey and Amanda Allen Wiltsey and two siblings: Delevan and Josiah Wiltsey. The family lives on a farm near Worcester, Otsego County, New York. [JW 03.]s
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Clarissa Wiltsey is a 10 year old, white, single female. She was born in New York of parents who were both born in New York. She is at school. She lives with her parents, James and Amanda, one sister (Mary), and three brothers (Delevan, Josiah, Westley) in Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JW 01.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Clarissa Wiltsey is a 21 year old, white, single female. She was born in New York of parents who were both born in New York. It appears she has no occupation. She lives with her parents, one sister (Mary), and five brothers ( Josiah, Wesley, Edgar, Charley, and an unnamed brother) in Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. That unnamed brother is Johnnie Wiltsey who only lived two years. [JW 02.] 
Wiltsey, Clarissa (I2592)
 
155        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Elmer W. Bates is a one year old, white, male. He was born in Wisconsin of parents who were both born in Wisconsin. He lives with his parents, William and Mary, a brother, Joseph W., and three sisters (Frances J. Sara A., Elida J. in the town of Plover in Portage County, Wisconsin. [WJB 02.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Elmer W. Bates is an 11 year old, white, single male. He was born in Wisconsin of parents who were both born in New York State. According to the census record, he cannot write. He lives with his parents, William and Mary, a sister, Elida, a brother, Eris, and a cousin, Clarence Chesmore. The family lives in Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [WJB 05.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Elmer W. Bates is a 21 year old, white, single male. He was born in Wisconsin of parents who both born in New York State. His occupation is that of farm laborer, possibly part time. Elmer lives with his parents, William and Mary, and a cousin, Clarence Chesmore. The family lives in Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [WJB 06.]
       In the 1885 Iowa State Census, Elmer W. Bates is a 25 year old, white, single male. He was born in Wisconsin of parents who were both born in New York State. He lives with his parents, William and Mary, in Independence Township, Iowa. [WJB 01.] 
Bates, Elmer W. (I2789)
 
156        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Emeretta Meeks is a nine year old female. She was born in Ohio of parents who were born in Ohio (father) and probably Pennsylvania (mother). Emeretta lives with her parents, John and Elizabeth, a sister, Mary, a brother, Lafayette, and her mother's parents, Henry and Elizabeth Stark. The family lives in Webster Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MJ 01.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Emeretta Meeks is a 19 year old, white female. She was born in Ohio of parents who were born in Ohio (father) and Pennsylvania (mother). She works out as her employment. She has attended school within the past year. Emeretta lives with her parents, John and Elizabeth, three sisters (Mary, Lenora, Susan), two brothers (William, Lafayette), and a grandfather, John Meeks. The family lives in Webster Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MJ 02.]  
Meeks, Emeretta (I2919)
 
157        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, James W. Adams, Jr., is a four year old male. He was born in Iowa of parents that were born in Kentucky (father) and Illinois (mother). He lives with his parents (James, Lucinda), two brothers (George, Jesse), and three sisters (Elizabeth, Mary, Martha) in Hamilton township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JasWA 02.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, James W. Adams, Jr., is a 16 year old, white, single male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Kentucky (father) and Illinois (mother). He lives in Hamilton Township, Hamilton County, Iowa, with his parents (James, Lucinda) and a sister (Martha). He has been attending school. [JasWA 03.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, James W. Adams, Jr., is a 25 year old, white, married male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Kentucky (father) and Illinois (mother). He lives with his parents (James W., Sr., Lucinda), his wife (Martha), and a boarder (Eddie Case) in Hamilton Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. He works on farm. [JasWA 04.] 
Adams, James W. , Jr. (I1810)
 
158        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Jane Wade (maiden name unknown) is a 30 year old, white, married female. She lives with her husband, Samuel Wade, in Freemont Township, Steuben County, Indiana with five children (Mary J., Samuel, David, Benjamin, and Catherine). She was born in Pennsylvania. Her occupation is housework. Jane is a person over 20 years of age who cannot read or write. [SWa 02.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Jane Wade is a 45 year old, white, married female. She is married to Samuel Wade. She was born in Pennsylvania. She cannot read or write. She was born in Pennsylvania. She lives with her husband, Samuel, a servant, and a daughter, Emma, in Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [SWa 03.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Jane Wade is a 54 year old, white, married female. She is married to Samuel Wade. Her occupation is that of keeping house. She was born in Pennsylvania of parents who were born in Pennsylvania. She lives with her husband and two children (David, Emma) in Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [SWa 04.] 
Wade, Jane (I1868)
 
159        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, John G. Bonner is a 54 year old, white, married male. His real estate is valued at $15,000 and his personal estate at $5,000. He was born in Pennsylvania. He is a farmer. He lives with his wife, Mary, two sons (William and Andrew), and four daughters (Caroline, Isabelle, Sarah, Amelia) in Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JGB 01.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, John G. Bonner is a 59 year old, white, widowed male. His wife, Mary, died in 1869. He is a retired farmer. The record indicates that he was born in New York, but other records indicate that he was born in Pennsylvania. I think that we should believe the latter. His real estate is valued at $14,000 and his personal property at $300. His father, according to the record, is foreign born; his mother not. Because he is a citizen of the United States and older than 21, he may vote. He lives with a daughter, Amelia, in Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JGB 04.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, John G. Bonner is a (68) year old, white, widowed male. He is a farmer. He was born in Pennsylvania; his father was also born in Pennsylvania; there is no information about his mother's birth place. John G. Bonner lives with his son-in-law, Palmer Lathham, his daughter, Amelia, and a granddaughter, Caddie, in Lyon Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JGB 02.] 
Bonner, John G. (I1941)
 
160        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Lafayette Meeks is a four year old, male. Lafayette was born in Illinois of parents who were born in Ohio (father) and possibly Pennsylvania (mother). He lives with his parents, John and Elizabeth, and two sisters, Emeretta and Mary, as well as his mother's parents, Henry and Elizabeth Stark. The family lives in Webster Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MJ 01.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Lafayette Meeks is a 14 year old, white male. He was born in Illinois of parents who were born in Ohio (father) and Pennsylvania (mother). He does not seem to have an employment. He was in school in the past year. Lafayette lives with his parents, John and Elizabeth, four sister (Emeretta, Mary, Lenora, Susan), a brother, William, and his grandfather, John Meeks. The family lives in Webster Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MJ 02.]
       In the 1880 U.S. Federal Census, Lafayette Meeks is a 23 year-old white, male - the head of household - whose employment has to do with farming - who was born in Illinois and whose mother was born in Pennsylvania. He is the husband of Margaret Brewer and the father of Margaret, Carol, and Leroy Meeks.
       In the 1885 Iowa State Census, Lafayette Meeks is a 28 year old, white, married farmer. He is married to Margaret (Brewer) Meeks. They live on Superior Street in the 2nd Ward, Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. With them live two children, Myrtle and Carroll, both daughters. It appears that Lafayette was born in Iowa. Margaret Brewer, the mother of Lafayette's wife is the head of household and also living with the family. She was born in Indiana. She is the widow of Wilson Brewer. [LMe 07.]
       In the 1895 Iowa State Census, Lafayette Meeks is a 37 year old married male, married to Margaret (Brewer) Meeks. The couple also have three children living with them: Gertie (Margaret), Carol, and Leroy. Living with them is Margaret J. Moore Brewer, the mother of Lafayette's wife, Margaret.
       In the 1900 U. S. Federal Census, Lafayette Meeks is a 44 year old, white, married male. He was born in Illinois of parent who were born in Ohio (father) and Pennsylvania(mother). He is literate and reads, writes, and speaks English. His profession is that of Bridge Carpenter. He has been unemployed for two months. He rents his own home. Lafayette lives with his wife, Maggie, and three children, two daughters, Carroll and Myrtle, and a son, Leroy. The family lives in Marshalltown, Marshalltownship, Marshall County, Iowa. [LMe 10.]
       In the 1910 U. S. Federal Census, F. Layette Meeks is a 53 year old, white, widowed male. He was born in Illinois of parents who were both born in Ohio. He speaks, reads, and writes English. He owns his own home by means of mortgage. Lafayette's profession is that of superintendent of a bridge building establishment. He was not out of work on April 14, 1910. He is working on his own account. And, he was not out of work during 1909. He lives with his two children Myrtle and Lee in Marshalltown, Marshall County, Iowa. [LMe 09.]
       In the 1920 U. S. Federal Census, Fountain Lafayette Meeks is a 63 year old, white, widowed male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Ohio (mother). Mr. Meeks reads writes, and speaks English. His occupation is that of a harness repairer. He is classified as a worker. Lafayette Meeks lives by himself in Marshalltown, the 4th ward, Marshall Township, Marshall County, Iowa. [LMe 08.]
       On June 17, 1923, Lafayette Meeks was killed in an automobile accident near Tama, Iowa. The Daily Freeman Journal of Webster City, Iowa, reported it:
       "Marshalltown, Iowa, June 18 -- Two persons were killed and four others of a party of six, all of this city, were injured when a card driven by H. C. Hammer, of the central fire station, struck a bridge over the Iowa river two miles west of Tama late yesterday afternoon.
       The car veered, tore out a section of the railing and hung over the edge, hurling Mrs. Leo McNamara, one of the two women in the car, into the Iowa river, twelve feet below. Mrs. McNamara was rescued.
       The dead are Mrs. Myrtle Hammer, 45, and F. L. Meeks, 65." [LMe 05.]
       The Webster City Daily News also reported the accident on June 19, 1923.
       Remains of Lafe Meeks Arrive Here Today
       Former Webster City Resident Killed in Automobile Accident Near Tama
Sunday -- Funeral Services to be Held Here
       "The remains of F. L. Meeks, of Marshalltown, a well known former resident of this city, who was killed Sunday in an automobile accident, are expected to arrive here this evening from Tama and the funeral will be held tomorrow or next day.
       Telephone advices received today by F. H. Bonebright, state that a daughter of Mr. Meeks, Mrs. Will Long of Belle Plaine is enroute to this city overland in a car and other relatives will arrive. "Lafe" Meeks, as he was familiarly known in this community, was killed Sunday, June 17th, when an automobile in which he, with three companions was riding, ran into a bridge over the Iowa River, two miles west of Tama, killing two of the car's occupants and hurling the third into the river from whence she was rescued. H. C. Hammer, of the fire department of Marshalltown was driving the car, and his wife was killed when the accident occurred. No further particulars of the terrible affair are known.
       "Lafe" Meeks left this city about twenty five years ago for Marshalltown. His wife, who was a sister to Mrs. Sarah Brewer Bonebright, 222 Ohio street, died about twenty years ago. She was a daughter of Wilson Brewer, the first white settler of Webster City. One daughter of Mr. Meeks, Mrs. Johnston, passed away about two years ago and the remaining children are: Mrs. Will Long, Marshalltown and Lee Meeks. residing in California. A grandson, Gene Johnston is a ward of Mrs. Harriett Closz of this city." [LMe 06.] 
Meeks, Lafayette (I934)
 
161        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Margaret Brewer is a three year old, female. She was born in Iowa. She lives with her mother, Margaret, who is a widow, and three siblings: Julia Ann, William G. and Walter W. The family lives in Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MJM 03.]
       In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Margaret is a 13 year old, white female. She is living with her mother who was born in Indiana (possibly Ohio) and two sibling brothers: William and Walter. She was born in Iowa. She is a school. [MJM 02.]
       In the 1880 U.S. Federal Census, Margaret or Maggie Brewer [Meeks] is the wife of Lafayette Meeks. She is a 22 year old, white female. Her occupation is that of keeping house. She was born in Iowa; she doesn't give the place of birth of her father, but indicates that her mother was born in Indiana. Because there are no check marks under "cannot read, cannot write, and deaf and dumb," it is assumed that Margaret can read, write, and speak English. However, there is also no indication for anyone else in this family that they use English. [LMe 02.]
       In the 1885 Iowa State Census, Margaret (Brewer) Meeks is a 27 year old, white, married female. Her husband is Lafayette Meeks. She lives on Superior Street in the 2nd Ward of Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. She was born in Iowa, in what was originally New Castle, but now Webster City. She lives with two daughters, Myrtle and Carroll, her husband, Lafayette Meeks, and her mother, Margaret Jane Moore Brewer. [LMe 07.]
       In the 1895 Iowa State Census, Margaret Brewer is the wife of Lafayette Meeks. She is 37 years old and the mother of three children: (Gertie), Carol, and Leroy. She was born in Hamilton County, Iowa.
       In 1892, in the Hamilton Freeman, a brief article announces a case: "J. W. Rose vs Margaret Meeks; evidence submitted; to be argued and decided in vacation." This is all that is said.
       In the 1900 U. S. Federal Census, Margaret Brewer Meeks is a 42 year old, white, married female. She is married to Lafayette Meeks. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Virginia (father) and Indiana (mother). She has been married to Lafayette Meeks for 21 years and has given birth to three children. Maggie, as she is known, directs a boardng house; she has not been unemployed. She is literate, reading, writing, and speaking English. She lives with her husband, Lafayette, two daughters, Carroll and Myrtle, and a sone Leroy. The family lives in Marshalltown, Marshall Township, Marshall County, Iowa. [LMe 10.]
       Margaret (Brewer) Meeks died on January 25, 1907 in Marshalltown, Iowa. The Webster City Tribune chronicled her death in two articles [MaB 01 and MaB 02.]

       Death Calls Mrs. F. L. Meeks [MaB 01.]
       Passed Away at Marshalltown After Long Illness From Cancer of the Breast
       "Mrs. F. L. Meeks died at Marshalltown last Friday after a long illness in the 49th year of her age. Her demise was caused by cancer of the breast from which she had been a great and patient sufferer. Last September a surgical operation was performed in the hope of saving her life, but the end was inevitable.
       Mrs. Meeks was a sister of Mrs. Thos. Bonebright and B. R. Brewer of this city. She was born and reared here and was widely known throughout the community. About eight years ago the family removed to Marshalltown, where they have since resided.
       Mrs. Meeks was a good woman in all the relations of life and her numerous friends in the old home here will be filled with sorrow over her taking away. Deceased leaves a husband and two daughters and a son to mourn the loss of a loving and faithful wife and mother.
       The funeral was held Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock at the home of Mrs. Harriet M. Closz, niece of Mrs. Meeks at 536 Bank Street. The service was conducted by Rev. A. N. Alcott, assisted by Mrs. Closz."

       Funeral of Mrs. Meeks [MaB 02.]
       "Margaret Brewer Meeks was the daughter of Wilson and Margaret Moore Brewer who came to Hamilton county, Iowa, from Howard county, Indiana, in 1849 [sic - 1850]. They were the earliest family to arrive in what is now Webster City and both passed the remainder of their days here. Margaret was born June 20, 1857. Her life was spent here with the exception of the past eight years, during which she has resided in Marshalltown, where she died.
       She was married to F. L. Meeks in February, 1879, and her three children, Myrtle M. Clark, Carroll C. Johnston and LeRoy Meeks, survive her.
The deceased desired that few eulogies be pronounced and no apologies offered for failures. she asked that all needless expense might be avoided and that flowers be made an offering to the grief stricken instead of given to garland the dead. She hope that her friends would extend sympathy to the suffering who are still among us, and that tears might fall in small numbers for her.
       Mrs. Meeks was essentially optimistic and the cheerfulness of her manner charmed her companions. Throughout the trying, terrible trouble of her life--an affection of the eyes--which later developed into cancer of the breast, not a single murmur, nor even an expression of discomfort escaped her lips.
       Her buoyancy of spirit and mirthful moods were infections--dispensing life and laughter to the despondent.
       Wifehood was to her a perennial pleasure and motherhood its satisfying fulfillment. The companionship of family and friends was not conceded as a privilege to her but accorded as an appreciation from them.
       A considerate wife, an indulgent mother, a trustworthy comrade!What achievements of wealth or power can approximate these? They turn the scales in their favor as against the faith and foibles of the human family.
       Mrs. Meeks was a member of Ben Hur lodge of Marshalltown, the members of which contributed a beautiful floral emblem; and many other loving tributes from friends, in her home town and here, freighted the house with their fragrance; and a large number of people paid their respects to an old resident and neighbor.
       The services were conducted Sunday afternoon by Dr. A. N. Alcott and Harriet M. Closz, a niece of the deceased, and at whose residence the funeral was held.
       Passages of scripture were read and a prayer offered by Dr. Alcott and a beautiful poem rendered by him, entitled: "When the Tenant Has Moved Away."
Mrs. Closz in submitting her remarks stated that she voiced only her own sentiments on life and death. She said in part:
       "Friends, the last act in this drama of life has been merged into tragedy. Here at the threshold of the tomb terminate the troubles and trials of time and at last nature's final seal in equity is affixed.
       Here we are brought face to face with the two mighty mysteries which centuries of thought have sought to solve--the mysteries of life and death--and yet what do we know of either?
       The invincibly invisible touch which marks a victim with death lays upon the individual a blighting grief. But the law of nature knows not the individual.
       The forces of the Universe transcend the trivial intellect.
       The sweep of evolution comprehends only the ultimate.
       Thrust here as we are between two illimitable eternities, we raise our arms to grasp a glowing reality, but the sought for substance shrivels and the glistening garments crumble to ashes in our hands.
       With faltering lips we formulate the fearsome query--Why the past has been, why the present is, and what the secret of the future? But the mighty cosmic silence vouchsafes to us no answer.
The human family desires eternal life but at the same time, we as naturally avoid death. If we assume that after death we are endowed with the conscious personal attribute of immortality, it must be reasoned that we possessed the same attribute before birth, and as memory returns only to infancy the continuity of the chain is broken and its actuality unassured. So because of the dark inscrutability of these eternities we are slowly learning the lesson of living one life at a time; learning the lesson of cheerfulness and happiness; the lesson of gleaning the little gladnesses along the way that grow from the gracious gliding of life's horizon for our friends, and if there be a life beyond the grave, the best possible preparation to merit it is in making a perennial paradise here.
       In our eager desire to discover our origin and destiny we have been wont to underestimate the importance of the present. We ponder the problem--the tragedy of death--but ignore the more pressing and perilous tragedy of life. Yet life and death are inseparable and inevitable. One is as natural and as necessary as the other, though as yet we do not know whether life or death is the greater good, for our simple senses cannot compass the mighty purpose of a primal plan.
While we know that in the democracy of the deal all distinctions disappear, it is also apparent that in the domain of this life the toilers are despoiled of their substance, innocence is debauched, honesty degraded and justice dethroned. On the surging sea of death the laborer and the learned, the saint and the sage, sail together in solemn silence, but on the voyage of life, the prisoners of fate are persecuted, the upright prosecutor, and the virtuous victimized. At the pale portal of the tomb the might monarch surrenders his scepter, the tyrant treads the threshold with the tenant, and the prince passes with the pauper, but in the household of life the weak and weary and wounded are wronged without hope of repair.
       So friends, are we to learn a lesson from death? Then let us help to harmonize the inhumanities of life. the dead has passed beyond the pale where human hands can help, but all about us is a surging, suffering multitude who deserve our services.
       Why then should we speculate on the whence and the whither? Why revel in retrospection? Why kneel in contemplation? Our work should be for this world, our labors for this life, our purpose for the present, for we know that to be happy and to help others to be happy is one of the essentials of life and that the more of joy we liberate, the greater measure we retain.
       We know that kind word is more civilizing than the fear of destruction and that reason is a better route to right living than the threat of eternal torment. If we can help a fallen friend, cheer a crushed comrade, or inspire a weary worker, we shall have done what we could and can conscientiously rest our case, for practical application should outweigh any musings on the musty past and the misty future; so let us make a mighty onslaught on the menacing conditions of ignorance and oppression of the present, for when the cold clouds of credulity shall have been scattered by the sunlight of science, diseases--such as the one from which our relative suffered--will be unknown.
       In closing permit me to reply to an oft repeated question.
       Will the spirit of the departed continue to live? I do not know.
       Will her body be resurrected?
       Yes! For even as no thought can perish, neither can any atom of the universe be destroyed, and the alkalies of nature will reduce and redistribute her body to the elemental wealth of the world through which the vital currents flow on forever through force and matter and the lives of our beloved dead will diffuse beneficence in the chatter of childhood, the beauty of bursting bud, the note of the nightingale, the sparkle of the sunlight, the song of the stream-let, the thunder of the tempest, and the sweep of the spheres.
The thorny track of time has been traversed by the departed. The wearying weight of traditions burdens has silently slipped from her shoulders. The finger of destiny indicates the doorway of death.
       The ponderous pendulum of the ages seeks its equilibrium. The penalty of life has been paid. Standing beside the bier of one who has been as closely associated with me as a sister, I am constrained to say that death is cruel only to those he leaves behind." 
Brewer, Margaret M. (I994)
 
162        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Martha is a two year old female. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Kentucky (father) and Illinois (mother). She lives with her parents (James, Lucinda), three brothers (George, Jesse, James), and two sisters (Elizabeth, Mary) in Hamilton Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JasWA 02.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Martha is an 11 year old, white, single female. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Kentucky (father) and Illinois (mother). She has been attending school. She lives with her parents (James, Lucinda) and a brother (James W., Jr.) in Hamilton Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JasWA 03.] 
Adams, Martha Ann (I1811)
 
163        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Martin Draper is a 44 year old, white, single male. His occupation is that of Farmer, He was born in Massachusetts. With the information that he and Josiah were christened together, it is possible that Martin and Josiah are twin brothers. This is an assumption only and has yet to be proven. Martin lives with his brother Josiah, Josiah's wife, Almira, a nephew, Henry, and niece, Mary, in Muskego, Waukesha County, Wisconsin. [JoD 03.] Draper, Martyn Thayer (I2389)
 
164        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Mary E. Meeks is a one year old female. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Ohio (father) and probably Pennsylvania (mother). Mary lives with her parents, John and Elizabeth, a sister, Emeretta, a brother, Lafayette, and her mother's parents, Henry and Elizabeth Stark. The family lives in Webster Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MJ 01.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Mary E. Meeks is an 11 year old, white female. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Illinois (father) and Pennsylvania (mother). She is attending school at this time. Mary lives with her parents, John and Elizabeth, three sisters (Emeretta, Lenora, Susan), two brothers ( William, Lafayette), and her grandfather, John Meeks. The family lives in Webster Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MJ 02.] 
Meeks, Mary E (I2920)
 
165        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Mary Ellen Adams is a seven year old female. She was born in Illinois of parents who were born in Kentucky (father) and Illinois (mother). She lives with her parents (James, Lucinda), three brothers (George, Jesse, James), and two sisters (Elizabeth, Martha) in Hamilton Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. She has been in school and probably reads, writes, and speaks English. [JasWA 02.] Adams, Mary Ellen (I1809)
 
166        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, Oscar Lakin is a one year old, white, single male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Canada (mother). He lives with his parents, Brinton and Abigail, and two siblings (Lafayette, Almira) in Clear Lake Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [BALa 02.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Oscar Lakin is a 20 year old, white, single male. His occupation is that of farming. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Canada (mother). He lives with his parents, Brinton and Abigail, seven siblings (Malwin, Elisha, Adalade, Henry, Adelia, Abigail, Ben), and a hired hand, Elmer Harrison, in Lyon Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [BALa 03.] 
Lakin, Oscar (I1955)
 
167        In the 1860 U. S. Federal Census, there is a daughter of William H. Pierce and Maria Burton Pierce named Ellen H. Pierce. She is a one year old female, born in Vermont, living with her parents in Windham, Windham County, Vermont. I strongly believe this is Nellie H. Pierce, the daughter who died at 5 years of age and that the name Ellen is the mistake of the census taker. A previous daughter died in infancy and was never given a name. [WHP 07 & DLL.]
       Note: The story is told by Nellie May Pierce, the granddaughter of William H. Pierce and daughter of Ernest William Pierce, that when she was to be named, William H. gave her the name of Nellie after his daughter who died in Vermont. [DLL] 
Pierce, Nellie H. (I732)
 
168        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Andrew J. Brewer, Jr., is a three year old, white male. He was born in Iowa. His biological father is dead; his mother has remarried to John W. Lee. He is living with his mother, his step-father, John W. Lee, and his brother Albert.
       In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Andrew J. Brewer, Jr., is a 13 year old, white male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Illinois (mother) and father (Indiana). He lives with his biological mother and stepfather, as well as three step brothers: Patrick, Jesse, and Quincy. [JWL 02.]
       In 1880, Andrew Jackson Brewer, Jr., received the final distribution of inheritance from his father, Andrew Jackson, Sr., by his guardian, John W. Lee. The sum of the final distribution was $2,395.
       In the 1885 Iowa State Census, Andrew J. Brewer, Jr. lives in Cass Township of Hamilton County, Iowa. With him are his wife Sarah S. and an adopted son, Harvey Brewer. He lives in range 89-23(25?), section 21 SE of SE. He is a 28 year old male in 1884. His occupation is that of farmer. His parents are native born, native to the U.S. He is eligible for military service; and, he is eligible to vote. [AJB2 07.]
       In the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, Andrew J. Brewer, Jr., lives in Webster City, Iowa, Boone Township, Hamilton County of Division Street. He is a 48 year old, white married male. He was born in February 1857; he has been married for 23 years. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Indiana (father) and Illinois (mother). He is a carpenter who has been unemployed for eight months. He owns his home, free and clear. He lives with his wife, Sarah S. and a boarder, S. B. Eberhard who is a teacher. [AJB2 06.]
In the 1920 U.S. Federal Census, Andrew J. Brewer, Jr., lives in Webster City, Iowa, Boone Township, Hamilton County, on Seneca St. He owns his own home, free and clear. He is a white, 62 year old married male, married to Sara Samantha Pringle. He can read, write, and speak English. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Indiana (father) and Illinois (mother). He is an implement dealer working on his own. With him live Sarah and Edith Erickson, an adopted daughter. [AJB2 05.]
       An article on A. J. Brewer appear in the (1902) Biographical Record and Portrait Album of Hamilton and Wright Counties, Iowa. Chicago: Lewis Biographical Publishing Co., p. 308.
A. J. Brewer, farmer and stock-raiser, section 21, Cass Township, is a representative of two of the pioneer families of the county, the Brewers and the Frakes, both of whom came in an early day. He was born in Webster City February 24 1857, a son of A. J., Sr., and Harriet (Frakes) Brewer. When he was a babe his father died, and he was reared by his mother on the farm in Cass Township, receiving his education in the district schools. He was married September 1, 1877, to Sarah Pringle, a daughter of Thomas and Nancy (Welch) Pringle. After his marriage he settled on the farm where he now lives. which was at that time under good cultivation and well improved. It is well adapted to both stock and grain, being watered by White Fox Creek. In politics Mrs. Brewer is independent. In religion he and his wife are members of the United Brethren church. [AJB2 04.]
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       A. J. BREWER AGE 79, DIES: Was Grandson of Wilson Brewer, Founder of Original Newcastle. ILL MANY MONTHS
       Andrew J. Brewer, 79, a life long resident of this city and a grandson of Wilson Brewer, founder of Newcastle, original Webster City, died at his home, 802 Seneca Street, this morning at 8:45 o'clock.
       He had been ill for the past year and a half. Death was caused by ailments incident to old age, and other complications.
       The Family
       Funeral services are pending, Foster's in charge.
Mr. Brewer is survived by one son Harvey Brewer, of this city. He is also survived by Miss Edith Erickson of Des Moines, who had made her home with Mr. Brewer and his wife since infancy.
There are three grandchildren, Joseph K. Mrs. Chester Nelson and Mrs. Ross Carpenter, of this city, and five great grandchildren: Richard and Larry Dean Brewer, Nadine and Pauline Nelson, and Robert Joseph Carpenter.
       Two have brothers, J. D. Lee and P. W. Lee, live in this city and a third, Meade Lee, lives in Eagle Grove.
       Mr. Brewer was born in this city, Feb. 24, 1857, his father being Andrew Jackson Brewer, a son of Wilson Brewer, founder of Newcastle. Andrew Jackson Brewer, sr., made the trip from Kokomo, Ind. with his father, Wilson Brewer, and arrived in this community in 1848 [sic. 1850].
His mother was Harriet Frakes, her parents being Mr. and Mrs. Patrick Frakes who came to this community shortly after Brewers, in 1854.
A. J. Brewer, sr., died shortly after the birth of Andrew J. Brewer, jr., and later the mother married John W. Lee.
       Retired 20 Years Ago
       Andrew J. Brewer, jr., lived his entire life in this community. For many years he farmed north of this city, and later moved to town where he operated a flour and feed store. He retired from active business about 20 years ago.
Mrs. Brewer died July 08, 1926.
       Mr. Brewer was an active member of the United Brethren church and attended services regularly as long as he was able.
       He was a kindly old gentleman and as long as his health permitted he took an active interest in the affairs of the city and always took great pleasure in reminiscing about pioneer life in this community. [AJB2 02.]
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       OBITUARY: A.J. Brewer
       Andrew Jackson Brewer was born in Webster City, Feb. 24, 1857, his parents being Andrew Jackson and Harriet Brewer. When a babe his father died and he was reared by his mother on a farm in Cass township, receiving his education there in the district schools.
       He was married Sept. 1, 1877 to Sara Pringle, daughter of Thomas and Nancy Pringle, and they settled on a farm three and a half miles northeast of Webster City, where they lived for many years. They later moved into Webster City where Andrew Brewer owned and operated a flour and feed store. After spending some time again on a farm north of town, they came back into town, where he was engaged in the carpenter business, and during the war in the implement business with H. E. Pringle and thereafter for a short while in the lumber business with S. D. Pringle.
       June 08, 1926 Mrs. Brewer passed away, and shortly thereafter he retired from active business. there were no children born to this union, but they made their home at various times the home of eight different children, two of whom they considered their own and raised to adulthood. Harvey brewer of this city, and Miss Edithe Erickson of Des Moines.
       In the early days when the United Brethren church was first organized in this community, and the meetings were being held at White Fox schoolhouse, Mr. Brewer joined as one of its first members. During all his life he was a very active worker in the church, having devoted much time and energy to its welfare and all its branches and activities. When the local church was about to be abandoned he tirelessly worked to hold it together, and it was largely through his and Mrs. Brewer's efforts that it was saved. He helped build and construct the parsonage and the present church building: and it seems quite fitting that the last service he attends is in this church.
       For the past five years, because of failing health, he had withdrawn from active church and civic work; and during the last three months his health failed quite rapidly. We all feel we have lost an honest and upright citizen. In early life he was taught that honest was the best policy, that goodness, perseverance and industry would bring sure reward. From these teachings he never departed.
       Mrs. Brewer and a brother, Albert Brewer, preceded Mrs. Brewer in death. Surviving him are three half brothers, P. W. Lee and Jesse L. Lee, of this city, and W. N. Lee of Eagle Grove; a son Harvey Brewer, of this city, and daughter Edithe Erickson of Des Moines; three grandchildren and many other relatives in the pioneer families of Brewer and Frakes. [AJB2 02.]
 
Brewer, Andrew Jackson (I1160)
 
169        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Eli C. Brimmer is a three year old, white, male. He lives in Lancaster, Erie County, New York with his mother, Sybil, and father, Percy, one sibling, Emma, a five year old, and two other people, Mary Roach, who could be the mother of Sybil, Mary Roach, born in Ireland, and a male from Germany whose name I cannot decipher. Percy is a farmer with real estate valued at $800 and person property valued at $400. He and his wife may have been born in New York. In censuses of later decades in Iowa, I have see O. Percy Brimmer whose wife is Mary, and born in Pennsylvania. In the 1920 U.S. Federal Census, Eli indicates that his mother may have been born in Pennsylvania. I leave it to someone else to dig out this information. TIME has passed since I wrote the above note: In the marriage record of Eli C. Brimmer and Josephine McKowan, I have found that O.P. Brimmer is the father of Eli and M or Mary Noody is his mother. The same names can be found in the 1870 U. S. Federal Census Records in Wisconsin and in Wright County, Iowa census records in 1880, 1885, etc. Thus, I believe that Oliver Brimmer and Mary Brimmer are the parents of Eli and not the Percy Brimmer family first named. [DLL, 2019.]
       In the 1885 Iowa State Census, Eli C. Brimmer is living in Wright County, Boone Township, range 26, section 8, location W 1/2 NW. He is a 26 year old married male. He was born in New York state. He is married to Josephine Victoria McKowan Brimmer. Eli is a farmer. According to the record, Eli's parents are foreign born. He is subject to military duty; but, he is qualified to vote. Eli lives with his wife, Josephine and his son, Archy Brimmer. The family lives in Boone Township, Wright County, Iowa. [ECB 05.]
       In the 1900 U. S. Federal Census, Eli C. Brimmer, head of household, lives at 2314 Langford Ave., 10th Ward, St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota. He lives with his wife, Josephine, two sons (Archie E., Ernest C.), a daughter, Josephine, his wife's mother, Emaline McKowan, and two of her children, Leona and Joseph W. McKowan. Eli is a 42 year old, white, married male. He was born in New York state of parents who were born in New York state. He is a soap salesman by occupation. He reads, writes, and speaks English. He rents the home that the family lives in. [ECB 06; JWM 01.]
       In the 1910 U.S. Federal Census, Eli C. Brimmer, head of household, lives at 1208 Raymond Ave., 10th Ward, St. Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota [ECB 02.]. He is a white, 52 year old, married male. He has been married for 27 years to Josephine McKowan. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in New York (father) and Vermont (mother). He speaks, reads, and writes English. He is employed in the commercial field by a soap company. He was not out of work on April 15, 1910. And he works on his own account. He owns his own home, free and clear. With him live three children: Two sons: Archie and Ernest C., and a daughter Josephine. His wife is also in the household.
       There is another person living in the household, Webster ABC. It is not clear who this person is, but she is a niece who is white, 21 years of age, and single. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Iowa. She speaks, reads, and writes English [ECB 01.]
       In the 1920 U.S. Federal Census, Eli is a 61 year old, white, married male. He is married to Josephine McKowan. He was born in New York of parents who were born in New York (father) and Pennsylvania (mother). He reads, writes, and speaks English. He is a commercial traveler who sells soap. He lives at 1910 Pleasant Street in Des Moines Iowa. He lives with his wife, a daughter (Josephine), and a lodger, Mona Alber who is a 25 year old, white, single female. She reads, writes, and speaks English. She was born in Iowa of a father who is from Canada and a mother from Illinois. She is a saleslady who works in a retail store selling fur. [There is a possibility that Mona is related to Josephine McKowan the wife of Eli Brimmer, the father being from Canada, but I cannot prove it with the information that I have - DLL] [ECB 04.]
       In the 1930 U. S. Federal Census, Eli C. Brimmer is a 71 year old, white, married male. He is married to Josephine Victoria McKowan Brimmer. They were married when he was 24 years old. He is not attending school. He reads, writes, and speaks English. He was born in New York State of parents who were born in New York State (father) and Pennsylvania (mother). He is retired and has no employment at this point. He owns his own home that is valued at $25,000. He does not live on a farm. He does have a radio set. Eli lives with his wife, Josephine, her brother, Lafayette McKowan, and his wife Georgia McKowan. The family lives at 1757 Stanley Avenue, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California. [ECB 08.]
       In the 1940 U. S. Federal Census, Eli C. Brimmer is an 82 year old, white, widowed male. He is not in school or college, yet he has completed the 8th grade in school. Eli was born in New York State. He lives in the same house he lived in during 1935. He does not live on a farm. Eli is unemployed. He has resources upon which he can rely to live. Eli is living with his niece, Abbie Rue Webster Billings and Georgia Kidd McKowan, a sister-in-law. The family lives at1757 Stanley Avenue, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California. [ECB 09.] 
Brimmer, Eli Cheate (I1470)
 
170        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Elisha Lakin is 62 years old; he is a farmer, the value of his real estate is $1,000 and the value of his personal estate is $1,000, and he was born in Massachusetts. He is living with Caroline (46; a second wife, born in Ohio), Cynthia (17), born in Illinois), Polly (15, born in Illinois), Charles (11, born in Illinois), Edwin (8, born in Minnesota), Fanny (7, born in Illinois), and William Witke (a 19 year old male from New York who is a laborer - possibly farm laborer.) I do not find Fanny and Edwin among the list of children for Elisha Lakin that I have in FTM. They could be the children of Caroline, but I cannot establish that fact. Four of the children (Cynthia, Polly, Charles, and Edwin) attended school within the past year. It appears that Elisha, Caroline and William Witke can read and write because column 13 is not checked. Fanny is only seven years old, so she would not under any circumstances be able to read or write.
       It is an hypothesis that Elisha Lakin married one of the two following persons: Caroline Halcourt or Mary Caroline Fore who had married A. Collins or Isaiah Collins, respectively. There is no first name on the marriage license. However, the possibility of the last name, Collins, matching with a male in a marriage in Illinois was suggested by Nadine Dingman, genealogist, Webster City, Iowa. But, I have placed the first name in the place of second wife of Elisha Lakin, hypothetically, because I do not know if either of the two women married a Mr. Collins.. [DLL.] 
Halcourt, Caroline (I1522)
 
171        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Emeline McKowan is a one year old female. She was born in Iowa. [EPM 04.]
       In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Emeline McKowan is a white, 11 year old, female, born in Iowa. She is at school. She is living with her parents and six other siblings in Fremont township, Hamilton County, Iowa. Her father is of foreign birth; her mother was born in Ohio. She not only is at school, but has attended school the past year. [EPM 05.]
       In the 1885 Iowa State Census, Emeline McKowan is a 44 year old female, who is keeping house. She was born in Ohio of a father who is foreign born and a mother who was born in Ohio. She is married and living with her husband, Edward P. McKowan and five children (18-4 years old) in Cass Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [EPM 11.] 
McKowan, Emeline (I1001)
 
172        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Emily Staples Lakin is a 22 year old, white, married female. She was born in Maine. Emily is married to Luther Lakin. They live in Clear Lake Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. With them live four children - three sons (Noah, Norman, Willard) and one daughter, Augusta. [LL 02.]
       In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Emily is a 33 year old, white female, the wife of Luther Lakin. Her occupation is that of keeping house. With her and her husband are Noah, Norman, Millard, Gustavus, Nina, Alpheas, Mary and Nancy. Emily was born in Maine. [LL 05.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Emily is a 43 year old, white, married female. Her husband is Luther Lakin. They live in Lyon township, Hamilton County, Iowa, with 11 children: six males (Norman, Willard, Gustavus, Alphaus, Fred, Jessie) and five females (Mary, Hattie, Minona, Bessie, Frances). Emily's occupation is that of keeping house. [LL 06.]
       In the 1990 U. S. Federal Census, Emily Staples Lakin is a 64 year old, white, married female. She is married to Luther Lakin and has been married to him for 46 years. She has given birth to 16 children, 15 of whom are living. She was born in Maine of parents who were both born in Maine. She lives with her husband, Luther, a son, Jesse, and a daughter, Dolly, in Lyon Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. She reads, writes, and speaks English [LL 09.] 
Staples, Emily (I640)
 
173        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, George W. Bonebright is almost a year old (10/12ths). He is a white male, who live with his parents (Thomas Bonebright and Sara Brewer) in Vernon Township, Wright County, Iowa. He was born in Iowa. [TBB 13.]
       In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, George W. Bonebright is a white, ten year old male. He is living with his parents who were born in Pennsylvania (Thomas B.) and Indiana (Sara J.) respectively. George was born in Iowa and is at school. He is living with three other siblings, Hattie (Harriet), Wallace, and Frank A. Bonebright. [TBB 02.]
       In the 1880 U.S. Federal Census, George is a white, 20 year old male, the son of Thomas B. and Sara J. Brewer Bonebright, who were born in Pennsylvania and Indiana respectively. George was born in Iowa. He is currently an apprentice carpenter. He is living with three other siblings: Ella, Frank, and Adella. [TBB 05.]
       In the 1885 Iowa State Census, George is a 26 year old, white married male. He is a carpenter. His wife, Jennie, and a daughter, Bessie, lives with him. They live in Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa.
       In the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, George is 41 year old, white, divorced male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Indiana (mother) and Iowa (father) [sic]. He is a day laborer; he is a roomer with the Benjamin R. Brewer family in the 4th Ward, Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [BRB 16.] He was divorced from Kathryn Johnson at the time. [DLL]
       I hypothesize that George W. Bonebright moved to Minneapolis between 1900 and 1910 and that he married Pearl (?). To this couple was born in 1907 a daughter, Margaret. I make this hypothesis based on the 1910 U.S. Federal Census. In that census, George Bohnbright is the head of a family in the 3rd Ward of Hennepin County, Minneapolis, Minnesota. He is a 50 year old, white, married male in his second marriage (3rd?) and has been married for 5 years to Pearl. He was born in Iowa of parents who were both born in Pennsylvania. He speaks, reads, and writes English. He is a carpenter (?) working in the building trades. He is employed, was not out of work on April 15, 1909. He rents his home.
With George is his wife, Pearl, a white, 25 year old, married female. She has been married to George for five years. She was born in Minnesota of parents who were both born in Indiana. She speaks, reads, and writes English. She has no employment.
       With George and Pearl is their 3 year old daughter. She is a single, white female. She was born in Minnesota of parents who were born in Minnesota (mother) and Iowa (father).
       I make this hypothesis because the age, birthplace, and the birthplace of at least one of the parents is Pennsylvania corresponds to other information about George. However, this remains an hypothesis. I have not been able to establish further residence for George in Minnesota by examining census records, nor have I found his wife and child in other census records. [GWB 03 - DLL]. 
Bonebright, George W. (I977)
 
174        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, John is a five year old, white male. He lives with his parents (Jackson and Caroline) in Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. He was born in Iowa. Both his parents were born in Virginia. In addition, he lives with five sisters ( Eliza J. Margaret, Martha, Mary, and Virginia) and one brother (Alexander). Within the past year, he has attended school. [JG 02.]
       In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, John is a 14 year old, white, single male. He lives with his father, Jackson, who was born in Virginia, and his step-mother, June, who was born in Pennsylvania in Hamilton township, Hamilton County, Iowa.. He also lives with one brother (Alexander), one step-brother (Jackson), four sisters (Martha, Mary E., Virginia, Lucinda), and one step-sister (Esther). [JG 03.] 
Groves, John (I1398)
 
175        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Mary is a seven year old, white female. She is living in Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa, with her parents (Jackson and Caroline). She, like them, was born in Virginia. She also lives with four sisters (Eliza J., Margaret, Martha, and Virginia) and two brothers (Alexander and John). She has attended school within the past year. [JG 02.]
       In the 1870, U.S. Federal Census, Mary is a 17 year old, white, single female. She is at school. She is living with her father, Jackson, who was born in Virginia, and her step-mother, June, who was born in Pennsylvania. Mary was born in Virginia. She is also living with two brothers (Alexander and John), a step-brother (Jackson), three sister (Martha, Virginia, Lucinda), and a step-sister (Esther). [JG 03.] 
Groves, Mary E. (I1397)
 
176        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Noah Lakin is a four [really six years old] year old male, son of Emily and Luther. Noah was born in Iowa of parents born in Pennsylvania (father) and Maine (mother). He lives with three siblings: Normal, Willard, and Augusta. He is attending school. [LL 02.]
       In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Noah Lakin is an 18 year old, white male. He was born in Iowa and is living with his parents, Luther and Emily, who were born in Pennsylvania and Maine respectively. He is also living with eight other siblings: Norman, Millard, Gustavus, Nina, Alpheus, Mary, and Nancy. [LL 05.] 
Lakin, Noah (I645)
 
177        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Norman is a three year old male, son of Emily and Luther. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Maine (mother). He lives with three siblings: Noah, Willard, and Augusta. [LL 02.]
I       n the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Norman is a 13 year old, white male who is at school. He was born in Iowa. He is living with his parents, Luther and Emily, who were born in Pennsylvania and Maine, respectively. He is living with seven other siblings: Noah, Millard, Gustavus, Nina, Alpheus, Mary, and Nancy. [LL 05.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Norman Lakin is a 23 year old, white, single male. He is a day laborer, born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Maine mother. He lives with his parents in Lyon Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. There are other family members living in the same household: five girls (Mary, Hattie, Minona, Bessie, and Frances) and five boys (Willard, Gustavus, Alphaus, Fred, and Jessie). [LL 06.] 
Lakin, Norman (I646)
 
178        In the 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Virginia is a three year old, white female, living with her parents (Jackson and Caroline) in Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. Also with her, we find four sisters (Eliza J. Margaret, Martha, and Mary) and two brothers (Alexander and John). She was born in Iowa. She is too young to be in school. [JG 02.]
       In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Virginia is a 13 year old, white, single female. She lives in Hamilton Township, Hamilton County, Iowa, with her father, Jackson, born in Virginia, and her step-mother, June, born in Pennsylvania. Virginia was born in Iowa. She also lives with two brothers (Alexander, John), a step-brother (Jackson), three sisters (Martha, Mary E., Lucinda), and one step-sister (Esther). She is at school. [JG 03.] 
Groves, Virginia (I1399)
 
179        In the 1865 Minnesota State Census, Berthe Eggers is about three years old. She is a white female. She lives with her parents, Frederick and Christine, and eight siblings: Frederick, Henry, Maria (probably Christine), Sophia, William, Doris, Frederick, Louis. They all live in the town of Waconia, Carver County, Minnesota. [FEg 08.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Berthe Eggers is an eight year old, white, single female. She is attending school. She was born in Minnesota of parents who are foreign born. Her parents are Frederick and Christina Eggers, who were both born in Hannover, Germany. Berthe lives with her parents and seven siblings: Heinrich, Frederick (the older), Christine, Sophie, Doris (Phoebe), William, Frederick (the younger). The entire family lives in the town of Waconia, Carver County, Minnesota. [FEg 06.]
       In the 1875 Minnesota State Census, Berthe Eggers is a 12 year old, white, singe, female. She was born in Minnesota of parents who were both born in Hannover, Prussia. She lives with her parents, Frederick and Christina Eggers and six siblings: Sophia, Dorothea, William, Frederick, Louis, Christine. They all live in the town of Waconia, Carver County, Minnesota. [FEg 7.]
 
Eggers, Berthe (I2614)
 
180        In the 1865 Minnesota State Census, Christine Eggers is probably a 13 year old, white female. She lives with her parents, Frederick and Christina and eight siblings: Frederick, Henry, Maria (probably Christine), Sophia, William, Doris, Frederick, Bertha, Louis. They all live in the town of Waconia, Carver County, Minnesota. [FEg 08.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Christine Eggers is an 18 year old, white, single female. She was born in Prussia of parents who were also both born in a foreign country, Christine and Frederick Eggers. It is possible that Christine was born in Hannover. She lives with her parents and seven siblings: Henry, Frederick, Sophie, Phoebe, William Frederick, Berthe. The family lives in the town of Waconia, in Carver County, Minnesota. [FEg 06.] 
Eggers, Christine (I2612)
 
181        In the 1865 Minnesota State Census, Frederick Eggers (The Second One) is a four year old. He is a white male. He lives with his parents, Frederick and Christina, and eight siblings: Frederick, Henry, Maria (probably Christine), Sophia, William, Doris, Bertha, Louis. They all live in the town of Waconia, Carver County, Minnesota. [FEg 08.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Frederick Eggers (The second one) is a nine year old, white, single male. He is attending school. He was born in Minnesota of parents who were foreign born. They are Frederick and Christina Eggers, who were born in Hannover, Germany. Frederick lives with his parents and seven siblings: Heinrick, Frederick (the older one), Christine, Sophie, Doris (Phoebe), William, Berthe. The entire family lives in the town of Waconia, Carver County, Minnesota. [FEg 06.]
       In the 1875 Minnesota State Census, Frederick Eggers (2) is a 14 year old, white, single male. He was born in Minnesota of parents who were both born in Hannover, Prussia. He lives with his parents, Frederick and Christina and six siblings: Sophia, Dorothea, William, Bertha, Louis, Christine. They all live in the town of Waconia, Carver County, Minnesota. [FEg 7.]
 
Eggers, Frederick (I2613)
 
182        In the 1865 Minnesota State Census, Louis Eggers is about 1 year old. He is a white male. He lives with his parents, Frederick and Christina, and eight siblings: Frederick, Henry, Maria (probably Christine), Sophia, William, Doris, Frederick, Bertha. They all live in the town of Waconia, Carver County, Minnesota. [FEg 08.]
       In the 1875 Minnesota State Census, Louis Eggers is a 10 year old, white, single male. He was born in Minnesota of parents who were both born in Hannover, Prussia. He lives with his parents, Frederick and Christine Eggers and six siblings: Sophia, Dorothea, William, Frederick, Bertha, Christine. They all live in the town of Waconia, Carver County, Minnesota. [FEg 7.]
 
Eggers, Louis (I2615)
 
183        In the 1865 New York State Census, Delevan Wiltsey is a five year old, white, single male. He was born in Otsego County, New York. No further information is provided. He lives with his parents, James Wiltsey and Amanda Allen Wiltsey and two siblings: a sister Clarissa Wiltsey and a brother, Josiah. The family lives on a farm near Worcester, Otsego County, New York. [JW 03.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Delevan Wiltsey is a 9 year old, white, single male. He is at School. He was born of parents who were both born in New York State. He lives with his parents, James and Amanda, two sisters (Clarissa, Mary), and two brothers (Josiah, Westley) in Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JW 01.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Delevan Wiltsey is a 19 year old, white, single male. He is a farmer by occupation. He was born in New York of parents who were both born in New York. He lives with two uncles, Toman and Spencer Wiltsey, Eugene, a cousin and his son Frank, his grandfather, Isaac, and a servant, Ann Fritcher, in Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. [TW 06.]
       In the 1910 U. S. Federal Census, Delevan Wiltsey is a 49 year old, white, married male. He is 26 years in his current marriage. He was born in New York State of parents who where both born in New York State. He is a farmer in the profession of general farming. He is an employer. He speaks, reads, and writes English. He owns his own home and farm through a mortgage. Delevan lives with his wife, Verina, a son Albert, a daughter Gladys, and a daughter Grace who is married to George D. Safken. That family has three children: George D., Raymond, and Iren Safken. The two families live at Township 5, Pennington County, South Dakota. [WDel 04.]
From notes on Find A Grave:
       [Delevan} moved with his parents James and Amanda Allen Wiltsey to Iowa after spending his childhood in New York. [Ancestry sources say he was born in Kentucky!] He married Verina Wills at Webster City, IA in 1883. About 1905, the family moved to a homestead near Pedro, SD, where they lived for many years. In the 1900 census, the family is in Meade, SD; by 1920 they are in Pennington County and remain there in 1930 also. They had children: Ralph, Grace, Gladys and Lee Edward or Edward Lee. In 1930 a 19 year old Lee is with his parents.
       Verina died in August of 1936. Dell retired and moved into Rapid City in 1940.
       Both Mr. and Mrs. Wiltsey were friendly people and their home was a gathering place, not only for their own family, but for the community. They lived through some "hard times" on the prairies of Eastern Pennington County, but by dint of hard work, they came through reasonably well.
       Dell is survived by two daughters: Grace carter of Socorro NM, and Gladys Raetz of Rapid City, SD; two sons: Ralph of Wall, SD, and Ed of Webster City, IA; two brothers: Ed of Webster City, IA, and Charles of Sacramento, CA. 
Wiltsey, Delevan (I2589)
 
184        In the 1865 New York State Census, Josiah Wiltsey is a one year old, white, single male. He was born in Otsego County, New York. No further information is provided. He lives with his parents, James Wiltsey and Amanda Allen Wiltsey and two siblings: A sister, Clarissa Wiltsey, and a brother, Delevan Wiltsey. The family lives on a farm near Worcester, Otsego County, New York. [JW 03.]
       In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Josiah Wiltsey is a six year old, white, single male. He was born in New York State of parents who were both born in New York State. He is at school. He lives with his parents, James and Amanda, two sisters (Clarissa, Mary), and two brothers ( Delevan, Wesley) in Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. [JW 01.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Josiah Wiltsey is a 17 year old, white, single male. He was born in New York State of parents who were both born in New York State. His occupation is that of laborer, but he has also attended school within the census year. He lives with his parents, James and Amanda, two sisters (Clarissa, Mary), and four brothers, Wesley, Edgar, Charley, and unnamed baby boy) in Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. The unnamed baby boy is Johnnie Wiltsey who only lived two years.[JW 02.]
       In the 1885 Iowa State Census, Josiah Wiltsey is a 21 year old, white, male. He lives with his widowed mother, Amanda Allen Wiltsey and four siblings: Mary, Wesley, Charles, and Edgar Wiltsey. the family lives in Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. [ALA 02.]
       In the 1900 U.S. Federal Census, Josiah Wiltsey is a er year old, white widowed male. He was born in Aug 1864 in New York State of parents who were both also born in New York State. It is not clear what his employment is, perhaps a clerk. He reads, writes, and speaks English. Josiah lives with his brother Edgar and his wife Amy, his mother Amanda Allen Wiltsey, and his children Frank and Laura. The family lives in Maxwell, Meade County, South Dakota. [WEE 03.]
       In the 1910 U. S. Federal Census, Josiah Wiltsey is a 43 year old, white, widowed male. He was born in New York of parents who were also both born in New York. He reads, writes, and speaks English. Josiah is a farmer in the industry of general farming, where he is considered an employer. He rents his farm. Josiah lives with his son, Frank and his mother Amanda Allen Wiltsey. The family lives on a farm in Township 5, north range, 16 east,Pennington County, South Dakota. [WJ 01.]
       In the 1920 U. S. Federal Census, Josiah Wiltsey is a 53 year old, white, widowed male. He was born in New York State of parents who were also both born in New York State. He reads, writes and speaks English. His occupation is that of farmer in the field of general farming. He works on his own account. Josiah owns his own home or farm. Josiah lives alone in Deep Creek Township, Pennington County, South Dakota. [WJ 02.]
       In the 1930 U. S. Federal Census, Josiah Wiltsey is a 66 year old, white, widowed male. He owns his own home/farm, which is valued at $3,200. He was first married at the age of 21. He does not have a radio set; he lives on a far; he has not attended school. However, he reads, writes, and speaks English. Josiah was born in New York State of parents who also both were born in New York State. He is a farmer in the business of general farming. He is the class of worker who is working on his own account., thus he is employed. Josiah is a widower, thus living alone in Cheyenne Township, Pennington County, South Dakota. [WJ 03.]  
Wiltsey, Josiah (I2593)
 
185        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Amalia Auguste Koenig Hoffmann is a 26 year old, white, married female. She is married to Ernst Theodore Hoffmann. She was born in Prussian; both of her parents are also foreign born. Her employ is keeping house. Amalia Auguste lives with her husband, Ernst, and two children: Minne, a daughter who was born in Prussia, and Herman, a son, who was recently born in Michigan. The family lives in Filer City, Manistee County, Michigan. [ErnH 07.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Augusta Koenig Hoffman is a 36 year old, white, married female. She is married to Ernest Hoffman. She is keeping house as an occupation. She was born in Prussia of parents who were also born in Prussia. She lives with her husband, Ernest, and six children (Minnie, Hermon, Rudolph, Theodore, Amelia, Ernest) in Garden Valley Township, Jackson County, Wisconsin. [ErnH 01.]
       In the 1900 U. S. Federal Census, Augusta Koenig Hoffman is a 56 year old, white, married female. She is married to Ernest Hoffman and has been married to him for 35 years. She has given birth to 12 children, eight of whom are living at the time of the census. She was born in Germany of parents who were both born in Germany. She arrived in the U. S. in 1870 and has lived in the U. S. for 30 years. She reads, writes, and speaks English. She has no employ outside the home. Augusta lives with her husband, Ernest, and four children (Rudolph, Ernest, Caroline, Lora) in Cleveland Township, Jackson County, Wisconsin. [ErnH 02.]
       In the 1905 Wisconsin State Census, Amalia Auguste Koenig Hoffmann is a 62 year old, white, married female. She was born in Germany as were her parents. Her employ is that of farm labor, which she does 12 months of the year. Amalia Auguste lives with her husband, Ernst, and two sons: Ernest and Rudolph. The family lives in Cleveland Township, Jackson County, Wisconsin. [ErnH 09.]
       In the 1910 U. S. Federal Census, Auguste A. Koenig Hoffmann is a 66 year old, white, married female. She has been in the current marriage for 55 years. She has given birth to eight children and eight of them are still living. Auguste was born in Germany of parents who were also both born in Germany and who spoke German as a native language, as does she. However, she does speak, read, and write English. She immigrated to the U. S. in 1879. She has no income outside the home, but she lives on her own income. Auguste lives with her husband, Ernst Hoffmann, and her two sons, Ernest and Rudolph Hoffman. The family lives in Cleveland Township, Jackson County, Wisconsin. [HR 10.]
       In the 1920 U. S. Federal Census, Augusta Koenig Hoffman is a 76 year old, white, widowed female. She owns her own home, free and clear. She entered the U. S. in 1865; it is not clear if she is a naturalized citizen. She speaks, reads, and writes English. She was born in Germany of German parents, who spoke German as a native language. She also is a native speaker of German. She has no employ outside the home. She lives with her son, Rudolph, in the City of Fairchild, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [RH 01.]
       In the 1930 U. S. Federal Census, Augusta Koenig Hoffman is an 86 year old, white, widowed female. She lives with her son, Rudolph, in the city of Fairchild, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. She was born in Germany of parents who were born in Germany. She speaks German as a native language. She speaks, reads, and writes English. She arrived in the U. S. in 1868. [RH 02.]
       FROM AN UNDATED OBITUARY
       Augusta Amalia Hoffman, née Koenig, was born November 17, 1843 in Rathei, in Lobsen Province, Posen, Germany, and died April 19th, 1935 at the age of 91 years and five months.
       She was united in marriage October 29th, 1865 to Ernst Hoffman. They came to America in 1863 to Manistee, Michigan. In 1877, they moved to Garden Valley, Wisconsin. In 1883 they moved to Cleveland, Wisconsin, and from there moved to Fairchild in the year 1911.
       To this union twelve children were born, eight boys and four girls, of which four boys died in infancy and one daughter preceded her (mother) in death two years ago. This left to mourn her death, four sons and three daughters. They are Minnie and Herman of Augusta, Theodore of Wausau, Carrie of Oshkosh, Rudolph, Ernest, and Laura of Fairchild. She also leaves one brother, one sister, twenty-five grandchildren and 16 great grandchildren, besides many other relatives and friends. [AugK 04.] 
Koenig, Amalia Auguste (I630)
 
186        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Augusta Louise Krienke Raatz is a 37 year old, white, married female. She was born in Prussia of parents who where also both born in Prussia. She cannot read and write English, maybe not speak it either because her native language may be German. Her employ is that of keeping house. She lives with her husband, Ernest, and a daughter, Emma. The family lives with the John Radtke family in Brunswick Township, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [REJ 03.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Augusta Louise Krienke is a 40 year old, white, married female. She was born in Prussia of parents who were both born in Prussia. Her employ is that of keeping house. She lives with her husband, Ernest, and two daughters, Emma and Lena. The family lives in Bridge Creek Township, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [REJ 04.]
       In the 1900 U. S. Federal Census, Augusta Louise Krienke Raatz is a 59 year old, white, married female. She has been married to Ernest J. Raatz for 36 years. Together they have produced two children, both of whom are living. Augusta was born in Germany, Aug 1841, of parents who were also both born in Germany. She arrived in the United States in 1863 and has lived here for 36 years. She reads, writes, and speaks English. Augusta lives with her husband, Ernest. The family lives in August, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [REJ 05.]
       In the 1905 Wisconsin State Census, Augusta Louise Krienke Raatz is a 65 year old, white married female. She was born in Germany of parents who were also both born in Germany. She lives with her husband, Ernest, in Augusta, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [REJ 06.] 
Krienke, Augusta Louise (I3003)
 
187        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Clarence Chesmore is a seven year old, white, single male. He was born in Wisconsin of his mother, Frances I Bates, who was born in New York, and his father, Nathan J. Chesmore, Jr., who was also born in New York. Currently he lives with his grandparents, William J. Bates and Mary Bunnell Bates, three cousins, Elida, Elmer, and Eris. The reason Clarence lives with his grandparents is that his mother has died, most likely from complications of childbirth; that however is an assumption. The family lives in Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [WJB 05.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Clarence Chesmore is a 17 year old, white, single male. He was born in Wisconsin of parents who were both born in Wisconsin. His occupation is that of farm laborer. He lives with his grandparents, William and Mary Bates, since his mother, Frances I. Bates died shortly after his birth. He also lives with Elmer, a cousin. The family lives in Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [WJB 06.]
       In the 1910 U. S. Federal Census, Clarence W. Chesmore is a 47 year old, white married male. He is in his second marriage, probably to Emma G. McConnell. I say probably because the marriage has not been traceable, and the name McConnell has been traceable only through a death record. Further, I am not sure about that even. At this time, the marriage is eight years old. The record indicates that Clarence was born in Iowa; he was actually born in Wisconsin. The record also indicates that his father was born in New York, but that his mother was born in Iowa. Both parents were born in New York State. He speaks, reads, and writes English. His employ is that of a machinist in a factory. He is currently out of work. He owns his own home through a mortgage. Clarence lives with his wife, Emma G and two children: Earl and Percie. The family lives at1625 S San Joaquin St., Oneal Township, San Joaquin County, CA. [CWC 04.] It has been extremely difficult to trace these individuals. I have not found any records for Clarence since 1880 that I can count on,either in Iowa or CA except for City or Voter Registration records. I have found no Census records or marriage records whatsoever. [DLL]
       In the 1920 U. S. Federal Census, Clarence W. Chesmore is a 56 year old., white, married, male. The record indicates that he was born in Iowa (actually Wisconsin) of parents who were born in New York State (father) and Iowa (mother; actually, Wisconsin). He reads, writes, and speaks English. His occupation is that of farmer, at work in general farming, working on his own account. Clarence lives with his wife, Emma G., and two children: Earl L. and Perry Mary. The family lives in Placerville City, El Dorado County, California. [CWC 05.]
       In the 1930 U. S. Federal Census, Clarence W. Chesmore is a 66 year old, white, married male. He was born in Wisconsin of parents who were born in Vermont (father; actually New York State) and Connecticut (mother; actually New York State). He rents his home for $15 a month. He has a radio in the home. He does not live on a farm and does not attend school. Clarence was 23 at the time of his first marriage,meaning that he probably married for the first time in 1887. He is able to read, write, and speak English. He is employed as a ditch tender for an irrigation company and is a wage or salaried worker. Clarence lives with his wife, Emma G. McConnell Chesmore in Placerville City, El Dorado County, California. [CWC 06.] 
Chesmore, Clarence W. (I2801)
 
188        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Emma Raatz is a three year old, white, single female. She was born in Wisconsin of parents who were both born in Prussia. She lives at home with her parents, Ernest and Augusta on the farm of John Radtke in Brunswick Township, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [REJ 03.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Emma Raatz is a 13 year old, white, single female. She was born in Wisconsin of parents who were both born in Prussia. She is attending school during the year of the census. Emma is also at home with her parents, Augusta and Ernest. She lives also with a sister, Lena. The family lives in Bridge Creek, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [REJ 04.]
 
Raatz, Emma (I3004)
 
189        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Emma Wade is an eight year old, white, single female. She was born in Indiana of parents who were both born in Pennsylvania. She is at school, but she lives in Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa, with her parents and a servant. [SWa 03.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Emma Wade is a 16 year old, white, single female. Her occupation is that of dress maker. She was born in Indiana of parents who were born in Pennsylvania. She lives with her parents, Samuel and Jane, and a brother, David, in Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [SWa 04.] 
Wade, Emma (I1878)
 
190        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Eris W. Bates is a one year old, white, single male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were both born in New York State. He lives with his parents, William and Mary, a sister, Elida, a brother Elmer, and a cousin, Clarence Chesmore. The family lives in Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [WJB 05.] Bates, Eris W. (I2799)
 
191        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Frank Root is a two year old, white year old male. He lives with his mother, Barbara E. Adams Root (20), who was born in Illinois, and his father, Martin L. Root (30), who was born in New York, as well as a sister, Sara. The family lives in Boone Township, probably Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MLR 01.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Frank Root is a 12 year old, white male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in New York (father) and Illinois (mother). He is going to school. He lives with his parents, Martin and Barbara, and three sisters, Butie, Olive, and Cleo. The family lives in Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MLR 02.]
       In the 1885 Iowa State Census, I will be reconstructing because there is no visible census record. What I believe is the following: Frank S. Root is a 16 year old, white, single, male. He was born in Hamilton County, Iowa of parents who were born in New York (father) and Illinois (mother). He lives with his parents, Martin L. and Barbara E. Root and three sisters: Sara, Olive, and Cleo. The family lives in Liberty Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MLR 03.]
       In the 1900 U. S. Federal Census, Frank S. Root is a 30 year old, white married male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in New York (father) and Illinois (mother). He is married to Blanche Mooring Root and has been married to her for two years (1898). They have had one child, who is no longer living. Frank is a farmer, who owns his own farm free and clear. He has not been unemployed. He reads, writes, and speaks English. Frank lives with his wife in Prairie township, Washington County, Arkansas.
       In the 1910 U. S. Federal Census, Frank S. Root is a 40 year old, white widowed male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in New York (father) and Illinois (mother). He is living as a boarder with a family in Fayettville, Washington County. His son, Duke, is not living with him. His employ is as superintendent of schools in Fayetteville. He reads, writes and speaks English. He was not out of work on 15 April 1909; there were no number of weeks he was out of work during 1909. He lives in Washington County, Prairie Township, in Fayetteville, Arkansas. [RFS 03.]
       In the 1920 U. S. Federal Census, Frank S. Root is a 49 (?) year old, white, widowed, male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in New York (father) and Illinois (mother), although the census record says Iowa, which is inaccurate. He is a boarder on College St., no. 24. and is a renter. He reads, writes, and speaks English. His employ is that of Superintendent of Schools in Fayetteville, AK., thus he works on his own account. He lives in Washington County, Prairie Township, in the East 1/2 of the City of Fayetteville, in the state of Arkansas. [RFS 04.]
       In the 1930 U. S. Federal Census, Frank S. Root is a 61 year old, widowed male. He was born in Iowa of parents born in New York (father) and Illinois (mother). He was 30 at the time of his first and only marriage. He is not in school. He reads, writes, and speaks English. The form indicates that he has no employ, but yet indicates he is at work, maybe as superintendent of the Fayetteville Public Schools. He is not a veteran of the U. S. military. He lives with his sister, Sara (Lutie) on a farm in Prairie Township, Washington County, Arkansas. [SaR 01.]
       In the 1940 U. S. Federal Census, Frank S. Root is a 71 year old, white, single, but also widowed male. He is not in school, but his highest level of schooling is four years of college. He was born in Iowa. In 1935 he lived in the same house, and he lives on a farm. He was at work on the day of the census. He works 60 hours a week and his employ is that of superintendent of public schools. He is classed as a worker. His salary is $2,000 per year. He does receive income of $50 or more from sources other than his wages or salary. [SaR 02.]
       Frank S. Root died just over the age of 90. He was a long-time superintendent of schools in Fayetteville, Arkansas. His two sons, Duke Martin and Harold Luther never lived with him if the census records provide an accurate picture of that issue. One wonders why? Was he too busy with the issue of school administration or was there some other reason? Or am I, Dale Lange, on the wrong track? I would like someone to tell me what the story is.  
Root, Frank S. (I2784)
 
192        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Herman Hoffman is but 3 months old, white, single male child. Herman was born in March; the census was taken in July. He was born in Michigan of parents that were both foreign born, in Prussia. Herman lives with his parents, Ernst and Amalia Auguste and a sister, Wilhelmine (Minne). The family lives in Filer City, Manistee County, Michigan. [ErnH07.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Herman Hoffman is a 10 year old, white, single male. He is at home; he has been attending school. He was born in Michigan of parents who were both born in Prussia. He lives with his parents, Ernest and Augusta, and five siblings (Minnie, Rudolph, Theodore, Amelia, Ernest) in Garden Valley Township, Jackson County, Wisconsin. [ErnH 01.]
       In the 1900 U. S. Federal Census, Herman Hoffman is a 30 year old, white, married male. He has been married to Lena Hoffman for three years. He was born in Michigan of parents who were both born in Germany. He is employed as a seller for a saw mill. He has been unemployed for one month. He speaks, reads, and writes English. He owns his own home free and clear. He lives with his wife, Lena, and a daughter, Martha, in the city of Fairchild, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [HerH 01.]
       In the 1910 U. S. Federal Census, Herman Hoffman is a 40 year old, white, married male. He has been married to Lena for 12 years. He was born in Michigan of parents who were born in Germany. He speaks, reads, and writes English. He is a farmer working in general farming. He owns his own farm, free and clear. He works on his own account rather than for someone. He lives in Bridge Creek township, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin with his wife, Lena, and three daughters (Martha H., Cecilia L., Onidia A.). [HerH 02.]
       In the 1920 U. S. Federal Census, Herman Hoffman is a 49 year old, white married male. He reads, writes, and speaks English. He was born in Michigan of parents who were both born in Germany and who spoke German as a native language. He is a farmer, working on his own account, in general farming. He lives on Bennett Valley Highway in the city of Augusta, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin with his wife, Lena, and two daughters (Cecilia L., Onidia A.). [HerH 03.]
       In the 1930 U. S. Federal Census, Herman A. Hoffman is a 60 year old, white married male. He was first married when he was 27 years old. He owns his own home and farm. The family lives on a farm. He reads, writes, and speaks English. His occupation is that of farmer within the framework of general farming. He has not been a veteran of any U. S. military expedition. He was born in Michigan of parents who were born in Germany. Herman lives with his wife, Lena, on Bennett Valley Highway, Augusta, on a farm, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [HerH 04.] 
Hoffman, Herman August (I2109)
 
193        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Lenora J. Meeks is an eight year old, white female. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Ohio (father) and Pennsylvania (mother). Lenora is currently attending school. She lives with her parents, John and Elizabeth, three sisters (Emeretta, Mary, Susan), two brothers (William, Lafayette), and her grandfather, John Meeks. The family lives in Webster Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MJ 02.] Meeks, Lenora (I2922)
 
194        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Lillie is a one year old, white, single female. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Illinois (father) and Pennsylvania-West Virginia ? (mother). She lives with her parents (George, Permelia), a sister (Viola), and a farm laborer (Elijah Walters) in Hamilton Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [GTA 02.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Lillie Adams is an 11 year old, white, single female. She is going to school. She was born in Iowa of parents who were both born in Illinois. She lives with her parents (George and Permelia), four sisters (Viola, Nellie, Mary, Clarissa), and one brother in Hamilton Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [GTA 03.] 
Adams, Lillie Mae (I1814)
 
195        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Minnie Hoffmann is a four year old, white, single female. She was born in Prussia; both of her parents are also foreign born, but now live in the United States. Minnie lives with her parents, Ernst and Auguste, and a brother who has just been born in Michigan. The family lives in Filer city, Manistee, Michigan. [ErnH 07.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Minnie Hoffman is a 13 year old, white, single female. She is at home, but she has also attended school. She was born in Prussia of parents who were also born in Prussia. She lives with her parents, Augusta and Ernest, and five siblings (Hermon, Rudolph, Theodore, Amelia, Ernest) in Garden Valley Township, Jackson County, Wisconsin. [ErnH 01.]
       In the 1900 U. S. Federal Census, Wilhelmine (Minnie) E. Hoffman Proehl is a 33 year old, white, married female. She has been married to Christoph W. Proehl for 14 years (1886). She has given birth to four children, two of whom continue to live. She was born in Germany of parents who were both born in Prussia. Minnie arrived in 1869 and has lived in the United States for 30 years. She has no employ outside the home, but she reads, writes, and speaks English. Minnie lives with her husband, Christoph and two daughters: Alfrieda E. and Erna L. Proehl in Ward 2 on Hudson Street, Augusta, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [PCW 02.]
       In the 1905 Wisconsin State Census, Wilhelmine (Minnie) E. Hoffman Proehl is a 39 year old, white married female. She is married to Christoph W. Proehl. She was born in Germany of parents who were also both born in Germany. She has no employ outside the home. Minnie lives with her husband Christoph, and two daughters, Alfrieda and Erna, in Augusta, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [PCW 03.]
       In the 1910 U. S. Federal Census, Wilhelmine Ernestine Hoffman Proehl is a 43 year old, white, married female. She has been married to Christoph W. Proehl for 24 years and has given birth to four children, two of whom are still living. She was born in Germany of parent who were also both born in Germany. Ernestine came to the United States in 1869. She speaks, reads, and writes English. She has no employ outside the home. Ernestine lives with her husband, Christoph and two daughters, Alfrieda and Erna. The family lives on Buchanan Street, Ward 2, Augusta, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin.[PCW 04.]
       In the 1930 U. S. Federal Census, Wilhelmine E. Hoffman Proehl is a 63 year old, married female. She was married when she was 20 years old to Christoph W. Proehl. She is not in school, but she reads, writes, and speaks English. German was the school at home at the time when she immigrated to the United States. That immigration took place in 1868. She is a naturalized citizen. Minnie, as she is known, was born in German of parents who were also both born in Germany. She has no employ outside the home. Minnie lives with her husband, Christoph, and two daughters: Alfrieda and Erna. The family lives in Ward 2 on Buchanan Street, Augusta, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [PCW 05.]
       In the 1940 U. S. federal Census, Wilhelmine E. Hoffman Proehl is a 73 year old, white widowed female. She has not attended school or college. The highest grade completed was 3rd grade in elementary school, but she reads, writes, and speaks English. She was born in Germany. In 1935 She lived in the same house in August, Eau Claire, Wisconsin. In fact, she owns the house that she lived in in 1935; it has a value of $1,500. She does not live on a farm. Wilhelmine does not have an employ outside the home and worked 0 weeks in 1939. In fact, she has no income, except from other sources. Minnie lives in Ward 2, probably on Buchanan Street, Augusta, Eau Claire County, Wisconsin. [HWE 04.] 
Hoffman, Wilhelmine Ernstine (I2108)
 
196        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Sara Root is 7/12 year?s old, white year old female. She lives with her mother, Barbara E. Adams Root (20), who was born in Illinois, and her father, Martin L. Root (30), who was born in New York, as well as a brother, Frank. The family lives in Boone Township, probably Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MLR 01.]
       The assumption here is that the name Butie is a nickname for Sarah for the dates match. In any case, Butie is a 9 year old, white female. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in New York (father) and Illinois (mother). She lives with her parents Martin and Barbara, a brother, Frank, and two sister, Olive and Cleo. The family lives in Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MLR 02.]
       In the 1900 U. S. Federal Census, Sara or Lutia is a 30 year old, white, single female. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in New York (father) and Illinois (mother). It appears she has no employ. She reads, writes, and speaks English. She lives with her father, Martin Luther Root, and a sister, Cleo. The three live on a farm in Washington County, Prairie Township in Arkansas. [MLR 09.]
       In the 1910 U. S. Federal Census, Sara or Lutie is a 40 year old, white, single female. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in New York State (father) and Illinois (mother). She speaks, reads, and writes English. She is a merchant in a grocery store and functions as an employee. She lives with her father, I believe, who is Martin Luther Root, although his initials, ML are crossed out and FS replace them. All of the other information suggests Martin Luther Root, however. It appears that the person indicated as Harold Root, the nephew of ML, may be his grandson and the son of Frank S. Root. It is not clear why Harold is living with his grandfather and his aunt. Two boarders also live in this household: Maggie Tharp and Harry Swekard. This family lives in Prairie Township, Washington County, Arkansas. [MLR 12.]
       In the 1920 U. S. Federal Census, Sara now has the name of Lois. She is 49 years old; she is single. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in New York (father) and Illinois (mother). She reads, writes, and speaks English. She has no employ. She lives with her father, Martin, and Frank S. Root's son, Harold. There is also a farm hand, Alva Harrold, who lives with the family. They all live in Prairie Township, Washington County, Arkansas. [MLR 13.]
       In the 1930 U. S. Federal Census, Sara [Lutie] is a 60 year old, white, single female. She is the head of household. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in New York (father) and Illinois (mother). She is not in school. She reads, writes, and speaks English. She is a farmer, working in general farming. Her class of worker is that of employer. She is actually at work. Lutie has not been a member of the U. S. military. She lives with her brother, Frank S. Root in Prairie Township, Washington County, Arkansas. [SaR 01.]
       In the 1940 U. S. Federal Census, Sara [Lutie] is a 70 year old, white, single female. She is the head of household. She owns the house and probably the farm, which is worth $1,000. She has attended high school, but is not in any school at the present moment. She was born in Iowa and is living in the same house as she was in 1935. Sara lives on a farm. Her only work engagement is that of keeping a home, thus doing housework. She may receive some money beyond $50 for work done beyond wages or salary. She lives with her brother, Frank S. Root in Washington County, Prairie Township, Arkansas.  
Root, Sara (I2785)
 
197        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Scylla Cortright is a 23 year old, white, married female. She is married to Eugene Porter Powell. She was born in New Jersey. Her occupation is that of keeping house. She lives with her husband, Eugene. The family lives in Green Township, Nodaway County, Missouri. [PEP 08.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Scylla Cortright is a 31 year old, white, married female. She was born in New Jersey of parents who were both born in New Jersey. Her occupation is that of keeping house. She lives with her husband, Eugene, and two son, Clyde L. and Cort Powell. The family lives in Maryville, Nodaway County, Missouri. [PEP 09.] 
Cortright, Scylla (I3227)
 
198        In the 1870 U. S. Federal Census, Susan Meeks is a three year old, white female. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Ohio (father) and Pennsylvania (mother). I appears she is not yet in school. Susan lives with her parents, John and Elizabeth, three sisters (Emeretta, Mary, Lenora), two brothers (William, Lafayette), and her grandfather, John Meeks. The family lives in Webster Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [MJ 02.] Meeks, Susan (I2923)
 
199        In the 1870 U.S. Census, Gustavus is living with his parents, Luther and Emily. He is an eight year old, white male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Maine (mother). He attends school. He lives with seven siblings: Noah, Norman, Millard, Nina, Alpheus, Mary, and Nancy. [LL 05.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Gustavus is an 18 year old, white, single male. He is at home and has attended school. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Maine (mother). He lives with his parents (Luther and Emily) and 10 siblings (five boys: Norman, Willard, Alphaus, Fred, Jessie; and five girls: Mary, Hattie, Minona, Bessie, Frances) in Lyon Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [LL 06.] 
Lakin, Gustavus (I649)
 
200        In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Alpheus is living with his parents, Luther and Emily. He is a four year old, white male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Maine (mother). He lives with seven siblings: Noah, Norman, Millard, Gustavus, Nina, Mary, and Nancy. He does not yet attend school. [LL 05.]
       In the 1880 U. S. Federal Census, Alphaus Lakin is a 15 year old, white, single male. He was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Maine (mother). He is at home and attends school. He lives with his parents (Luther and Emily) and 10 siblings (five boys - Norman, Willard, Gustavus, Fred, Jessie; and five girls - Mary, Hattie, Minona, Bessie, Frances) in Lyons Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [LL06.] 
Lakin, Alpheus (I651)
 

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