Harriet M. Bonebright

Harriet M. Bonebright[1]

Female 1861 - 1940  (79 years)

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  • Name Harriet M. Bonebright 
    Born 26 Feb 1861  Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Female 
    Census 1870  Hamilton County, Webster City, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    1870 U. S. Federal Census 
    Teacher Abt 1877  Began teaching at 16 in the Webster City Public Schools Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Census 1880  Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    1880 U. S. Federal Census 
    Freelance Writer Aft 1893  Chicago, Illinois - freelance magazine and newspaper writer Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Returned 1900  To Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa, from Chicago Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Author 1902  Lexington, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Graduate Bef 1920  Before 60th birthday, a graduate of Palmer School of Chiropractic Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Author 1921  Historical Department of Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    Probate 7 May 1923  Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    Probate appoints guardianship of Jean Gilbert Johnston to Harriet M. Cloz. 
    Carroll Meeks Johnston Probate, 7 May 1923
    Carroll Meeks Johnston Probate, 7 May 1923
    Probate appoints guardianship of Jean Gilbert Johnston to Harriet M. Cloz.
    Census 1930  Webster City, Ward 1, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location 
    1930 U. S. Federal Census 
    Age: Abt. 69 
    George A. Carmichael household, Webster City, Ward 1, Hamilton County, Iowa,  [GAC 01.]
    George A. Carmichael household, Webster City, Ward 1, Hamilton County, Iowa, [GAC 01.]
    George A. Carmichael, his wife, Harriet M. Bonebright Cloz Carmichael, and their adopted son, Jean Gilbert Johnston.
    Attended Public school in Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    Burial Mound 19 Dec 1932  This is the day when the Burial Mound in Brewer Park was established. It is placed with Harriet's name because she did so much to establish the Park and care for it. It is an honor to her memory, for she is buried there as well. Find all individuals with events at this location  [13, 14
    Correspondent A variety of newspapers Find all individuals with events at this location  [15
    Member American Press Writers' Association Find all individuals with events at this location  [16
    Political Party National Liberal Party - thrid vice president at one time Find all individuals with events at this location  [17
    Volunteer Five year volunteer for U.S. Weather Bureau; also crop reporter for the Webster City, Iowa, community Find all individuals with events at this location  [18
    Buried 1940  Bonebright Burial Mound, Wilson Brewer Park, Webster City, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [14, 19
    The Plaque on the Brewer Burial Mound, Brewer Park, Webster City, Iowa
    The Plaque on the Brewer Burial Mound, Brewer Park, Webster City, Iowa
    Here are buried: Wilson Brewer (1804-1856); his wife, Margaret Moore Brewer (1818-1896); His Son-in-Law, Thomas Bonebright (1836-1921); His daughter, Sarah Brewer Bonebright (1836-1930); His Grandson, Frank Bonebright (1868-1934); Frank's wife, Kathryn Poe Bonebright (1873-1939); Granddaughter, Harriet Bonebright Carmichael (1861-1940)
    Find A Grave Memorial ID 104653286.
    Brewer Burial Mound, Brewer Park, Webster City, IA.
    Brewer Burial Mound, Brewer Park, Webster City, IA.
    Burial Site for Wilson Brewer (1904-1856); his wife, Margaret Moore Brewer (1818-1896); Son-in-Law, Thomas Bonebright (1836-1921); Sarah B. Bonebright, daughter (1837-1930); Frank A. Bonebright, grandson (1968-1934); Kathryn Poe Bonebright, Frank's wife (1874-1939); Harriet B. Carmichael, granddaughter (1861-1940)
    Died 9 Sep 1940  Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [20
    Person ID I978  Lange Pierce
    Last Modified 25 Nov 2017 

    Father Thomas B. Bonebright,   b. 29 Sep 1836, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Mar 1921, Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years) 
    Mother Sarah Jane Brewer,   b. 27 Aug 1837, Henry County, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Mar 1930, Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 92 years) 
    Marriage License 1 May 1858  Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [21
    Married 3 May 1858  Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [22
    Notes 
    • Other sources indicate that the marriage took place on May 02, 1858. The marriage record in Hamilton County Records state that the marriage took place on May 03, 1858. That date is used in this compilation. [DLL; TBB 08, SJB 08.]

    Family ID F409  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Theobald Closz,   b. 28 Apr 1856, Bavaria, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Nov 1923, St. Paul, Minnesota Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Married 8 May 1879  Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [23
    Divorced 20 May 1915  District Court, Webster City, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [24
    Notes 
    •        The marriage license was obtained on 07 May 1879; the marriage took place on the 08 May 1879; the license was returned on 09 May 1879; L. N. call was the minister who performed the ceremony. [TC 01.]
             On May 20, 1915, "In the District Court," Hamilton County Journal, the article indicates a divorce of Harriet B. Closz from T. Closz. The article reads:
             "In the case of Mrs. Harriet M. Closz for divorce, which was contested by her husband, the divorce was granted. Mrs. Closz was also given the household furniture and $16,200. The combine property of both is value at $46,000 of which her own property amounted to $3,500." [HB 04.]
             According to a note found on p. 193 of the third volume of the Romedahl Family History, the reason for the divorce was that Theobald was brutal and beat Harriet. "He was wealthy. Harriet took her case to the supreme court and was granted more alimony than was originally awarded to her." [HB 04.]
    Children 
     1. Inez Rosalie Closz,   b. 16 Nov 1880, Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jul 1881, Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 20 Apr 2006 
    Family ID F413  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 George A. Carmichael,   b. 28 Feb 1861, Clarion, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Feb 1937, Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years) 
    Married 31 Aug 1926  Webster City, Hamilton County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [25
    Children 
    +1. Jean Gilbert Johnston,   b. 11 Sep 1916, Salt Lake City, Utah Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1979  (Age 62 years)  [Adopted]
    Last Modified 25 Nov 2017 
    Family ID F414  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Bonebright Harriet M.
    Bonebright Harriet M.
    Daughter of Sarah Jane Brewer and Thomas B. Bonebright.
    Writer,Reminiscences of Newcastle, Iowa, 1848: A History of the Founding of Webster City, Iowa. Des Moines, IA: Historical Department of Iowa, 1921.

  • Notes 
    •        In the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Harriet M. or "Hattie" Bonebright is an eight year old, white female who is at school. She lives with her parents, who were born in Pennsylvania and Indiana respectively (Thomas and Sarah). Harriet was born in Iowa. She is also living with three other siblings: George W., Wallace, and Frank A. Bonebright. [TBB02.]
             In the 1880 U.S. Federal Census, Harriet Bonebright is married to Theobald Closz. She is a white, 19 year old, married female. She is keeping house in Boone township, Hamilton County, Iowa. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Indiana (mother). [TC 02.]
             Harriet M. Bonebright Closz is the writer of her mother's reminiscences of early pioneer life in the north central part of Iowa in Brewer-Bonebright, Sara, and Harriet Bonebright-Closz. Reminiscences of Newcastle, Iowa, 1848: A History of the Founding of Webster City, Iowa. Des Moines, IA: Historical Department of Iowa, 1921.
             [Although I have not seen it, there is another book written by Harriet - Closz, Harriet A. Bonebright. (1902). Woman and Her Relation to the Church or Canon Law for Woman. Lexington, KY: James E. Hughes. [HB 06.]
             In the 1930 U.S. Federal Census, Harriet M. Bonebright Closz is the wife of George A. Carmichael. She is a white, 69 year old, married female. The census compilation indicates that she was first married when she was 21 - She was probably married first at 18 to Theobald Closz. She was born in Iowa of parents who were born in Pennsylvania (father) and Indiana (mother). She reads, writes, and speaks English. In addition to her husband, Jean G. Johnston, a nephew, is also living with her. She has not profession. She lives at 539 First Street, First Ward, Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [GAC 01.]
             Obituary, "Pioneer dies After Illness of Few Months, (Daily Freeman Journal, September 09, 1940: Mrs. Harriet Carmichael, 79, was Teacher and a Writer:
      Mrs. Harriet Carmichael, 79, granddaughter of Wilson Brewer, founder of Newcastle, now Webster City, died at her home, 220 Ohio Street, at 2 a.m. today, death being caused by ailments incident to old age.
             She had been in failing health for several months, but had been seriously ill only a week.
      Funeral services will be at 1 p.m. Wednesday at the Foster funeral home.
             Born Here in 1861
             Harriet Marie Bonebright was born in this city Feb. 26, 1861, her parents being Thomas and Sarah Brewer Bonebright. She attended the public school in this city and began teaching school at the age of 16. At that time. B. S. Baker was county superintendent.
             She was married to Theobald Closz May 8, 1869, and to this union one daughter, Inez Rosalie, was born. She died in infancy.
             In 1893, they moved to Chicago where she became a free lance magazine and newspaper writer. She returned to this city in 1900.
             She was later graduated from the Palmer school of chiropractic shortly before her sixtieth birthday.
             Wrote About Pioneering
             In 1921 she wrote a book of reminiscences on pioneering, which was conceded by historical critics to be a classic and is an authority in its time for school textbooks.
             Abut the same time she adopted a son, Jean Gilbert Johnston, whom she reared to young manhood and who survives her.
             Mr. Closz died several years ago and she was united in marriage Aug. 31, 1926. to George A. Carmichael of Clarion, who died Feb. 17, 1937.
             For five years she was the official United States weather and crop reporter for this community. During 1933, she and her husband returned to the old Brewer homestead, her birthplace, to help care for her brother, the late F. A. Bonebright, whose health was failing.
             Wilson Brewer Park
             In the spring of 1933 Mrs. Carmichael and Mr. Bonebright founded a Pioneer memorial which comprises a museum housed in a hewed log cabin built by their grandfather, Wilson Brewer, the first settler here in 1849. there is also an eight acre tract, now Wilson Brewer park, located at the old homestead.
             This memorial to their ancestors was jointly donated by these grandchildren to the city of Webster City to be preserved for future generations.
      This pioneer woman helped care for her brother and his wife through sickness and death and likewise shouldered the responsibilities of the household, business activities, maintaining the pioneer exhibit and entertaining visitors in her capacity of caretaker for the museum.
             Thirst for Knowledge
             Mrs. Carmichael had an insatiable thirst for knowledge and an indomitable desire to accomplish some lasting good along life's highway. She state that such wishes usually failed to materialize, but she gained great hope and inspiration through straining for an ideal.
             She wished her funeral arrangements to be simple. She had requested that some friend speak a few words at her bier, suggesting that Maj. F. J. Lund, a long time friend of the family, be asked to do this. She also asked that he body be cremated and her ashes scattered upon the soil of the old homestead or be permitted to find a resting place beside the remains of her parents on the site of the first Brewer log cabin at Trail's End, burial plot in Wilson Brewer park. [HB 02.]

  • Sources 
    1. [S3155] Sara J. Brewer (Bonebright), undocumented obituary, probably the Webster City Freeman-Journal, week of Mary 27, 1930. [SJB 02.].

    2. [S3156] Thomas B. Bonebright household, 1870 U.S. census, Hamilton County, Iowa, town of Webster City, sheet 262, dwelling104, family 106,; National archives micropublication M593, roll 394. [TBB 02.] The original date was estimated as 1862. However an obituary indicates a more specific date of birth, February 26, 1861. See Harriet W. Bonebright, obituary, "Pioneer Dies After Illness of Few Months," Daily Freeman Journal, 09 September 1940, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 02.].

    3. [S3158] Thomas B. Bonebright household, 1870 U.S. census, Hamilton County, Iowa, town of Webster City, sheet 262, dwelling104, family 106,; National archives micropublication M593, roll 394. [TBB 02.].

    4. [S3162] Harriet W. Bonebright, obituary, "Pioneer Dies After Illness of Few Months," Daily Freeman Journal, 09 September 1940, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 02.].

    5. [S3159] Theobald Closz household, 1880 U.S. census, Hamilton County, Iowa, Boone township, ED 103, SD 4, sheet, 210D, dwelling 74, family 76; National Archives micropublication T9, roll 342. [TC 02.].

    6. [S3164] Harriet W. Bonebright, obituary, "Pioneer Dies After Illness of Few Months," Daily Freeman Journal, 09 September 1940, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 02.].

    7. [S3165] Harriet W. Bonebright, obituary, "Pioneer Dies After Illness of Few Months," Daily Freeman Journal, 09 September 1940, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 02.].

    8. [S3161] Closz, Harriet, M. Bonebright. (1902). Woman and Her Relation to the chur or Canon Law for Woman. Lexignton, KY: James E. Hughes. [University of Kentucky Libraries, Call Number: 396.2 C624.] [HB 06.].

    9. [S3166] Harriet W. Bonebright, obituary, "Pioneer Dies After Illness of Few Months," Daily Freeman Journal, 09 September 1940, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 02.].

    10. [S3160] Sarah Brewer-Bonebright (narrator), Harriet Bonebright-Closz (writer). (1921). Reminiscences of Newcastle, Iowa, 1848: A History of the Founding of Webster City, Iowa. Des Moines, IA: Historical Department of Iowa. [HB 01.].

    11. [S8825] Carroll Meeks Johnston, Probate. (2015. Ancestry.com. Iowa, Wills and Probate Records, 1758-1997 [database online]. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. [MCC 05.].

    12. [S3163] Harriet W. Bonebright, obituary, "Pioneer Dies After Illness of Few Months," Daily Freeman Journal, 09 September 1940, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 02.].

    13. [S3171] Harriet M. Bonebright (Closz, Carmichael). Bonebright Burial Mound, December 19, 1932, Wilson Brewer Park, Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [HB 05.].

    14. [S8654] Ancestry.com U. S. Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current [database online]. Provo, UT Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.

    15. [S3168] "Wilson Brewer, " The Biographical Record of Hamilton County, Iowa. New York: S.J. Clarke, 1902, pp. 619-23. [WB 27.].

    16. [S3169] "Wilson Brewer, " The Biographical Record of Hamilton County, Iowa. New York: S.J. Clarke, 1902, pp. 619-23. [WB 27.].

    17. [S3170] "Wilson Brewer, " The Biographical Record of Hamilton County, Iowa. New York: S.J. Clarke, 1902, pp. 619-23. [WB 27.].

    18. [S3167] Harriet W. Bonebright, obituary, "Pioneer Dies After Illness of Few Months," Daily Freeman Journal, 09 September 1940, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 02.].

    19. [S3172] Harriet M. Bonebright (Closz, Carmichael). Bonebright Burial Mound, December 19, 1932, Wilson Brewer Park, Webster City, Boone Township, Hamilton County, Iowa. [HB 05.].

    20. [S3157] Harriet W. Bonebright, obituary, "Pioneer Dies After Illness of Few Months," Daily Freeman Journal, 09 September 1940, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 02.].

    21. [S7446] Thomas B. Bonebright & Sara J. Brewer, Hamilton County Marriage Book, Page 5, Webster City, Iowa, 1858. [SJB 08 & TBB 08.].

    22. [S7445] Sara J. Brewer (Bonebright), undocumented obituary, probably the Webster City Freeman-Journal, week of Mary 27, 1930. [SJB 02.] See also W. H. Cummingham, clerk's certificate as to marriage record, Hamilton County, Webster City, Iowa, 08 February 1928. [SJB 04.] See also, Dodd, Jordan, Liahona Research, comp. (2000). Iowa Marriages, 1851-1900 [database online]. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com. [SJB 06.] However, Hamilton County Records indicate May 03, 1858 as the date of marriage. [TBB 08 & SJB 08.].

    23. [S7451] Harriet W. Bonebright, obituary, "Pioneer Dies After Illness of Few Months," Daily Freeman Journal, 09 September 1940, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 02.] See also, Theobald Closz, marriage license and return of license, Marriage Book 3, p. 81, Hamilton County, Iowa, indicating 08 May, 1879 as the date of marriage. [TC 01.].

    24. [S7652] Harriet M. Bonebright, "In the District Court," 20 May 1915, Hamilton County Journal, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 03.] See Also, Harriet M. Bonebright, "Death of Harriet Bonebright Closz Carmichael," Mildred R. Steele, ed, The Romedahl Family History, Volume Three. Pella, IA: Mildred R. Steele, p. 193. [HB 04.].

    25. [S7452] Harriet W. Bonebright, obituary, "Pioneer Dies After Illness of Few Months," Daily Freeman Journal, 09 September 1940, Webster City, Iowa. [HB 02.].


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